cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe

DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu

DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala

DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...



cultivation of Kattu-punna (CALOPHYLLUM POLYANTHUM) trees

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  • #16
    No genuine infirmities were seen on C. polyanthum seedlings raised in

    seedbeds. In any case, minor leaf spots and leaf tip condemnation were recorded in 2-

    month-old seedlings. Colletotrichum gloeosporioides was the pathogen found

    joined with the leaf spot. The pathogen achieved minimal round to sporadic

    faint chestnut wounds on leaves, which frequently cause shot-hole game plan. Exactly when the

    ailment recurrence is low, control measures are not key. Altarnaria

    alternata and Curvularia luntana were the parasites found associated with the leaf

    tip curse. The pollution starts from the leaf tip and proceeds towards within

    of the leaf front line. The ailment appears as pale cocoa water-sprinkled injuries and

    later festering happens and the affected parts get the chance to be reviled. A. alternata

    is in every way the pathogen at initially joined with the illness and C. luntana

    assaults the necrotic tissues later. Fungicidal application was given (Dithane M-

    45 @ 0.1% a.i.) for controlling the leaf-tip scourge and shot-opening diseases of

    seedling in the seedbeds.

    C. polyanthum has not former been endeavored in officer administration in the State and subsequently

    no disease has been recorded from this species. The family covers more than

    120 species and of these 14 species are found in India. C. inophyllum L. is the

    normal species among these and two or three pathogens like Gloeosporium sp.,

    Macrophoma calophylli Syd., Pestalotia calophylli P. Henn., Pestalotiopsis

    calabae (West.) Stey., Sirococcus calophylli Syd. bringing on minor leaf pollutions

    have been recorded (Uppal et al., 1935; Sydow et al., 1916; Dube and Bilgrami,

    1966) former.

    Pricking and backing of seedlings

    The seedlings raised in the shaded nursery bed can be pricked by around four

    months, when they perform an ordinary tallness of 15 cm.

    The pricked seedlings were pruned in polybags of 23

    cm x 17 cm size, stacked with get ready mix (1 sand: 3

    soil). The pricked and pruned seedlings ) are

    to be watered habitually at a break of 2-3 hours.

    The polypotted seedlings can be kept up in the

    shaded nursery for around eight months with general

    watering, before out-planting, when they perform an

    typical stature of 17.5 cm. It was moreover watched that, if the nursery is

    set up in an evergreen domain, the seedlings perform better and finish an

    ordinary stature of around 32 cm within eight months period.


    • #17
      does root trainer technology works for kattu punna trees?


      • #18
        As seeds of C. polyanthum were not open in the midst of March to May, 2002, roottrainer

        development couldn't be made progress toward the species. Regardless, dibbling seeds in

        polypots stacked with get ready mix was endeavored and found compelling and

        consequently, getting seedlings up root-mentors containing mixed weed or coir embodiment

        manure can in like manner be likely a less requesting framework to raise seedlings.


        • #19
          how is vegetative propagation of kattu punna carried out?


          • #20
            what is the plantation method for kattu punna trees?


            • #21
              Being a tree of the evergreen boondocks of Kerala, the farm trial was as well

              coordinated in an evergreen forest district. For this, an open district was found

              within the evergreen boondocks of Vazhachal

              Division, at Thottapura in Kollathirumedu

              Range. The reach was cleaned up the

              distinctive improvement of helper species like

              Macaranga and weeds like Mikania, while

              fallen and breaking down logs in the extent were

              held there itself. The domain was balanced and

              staked at 2 m x 2 m isolating and pits of 30 cm

              x 30 cm x 30 cm size were taken. The pruned seedlings (520 numbers) were field


              planted by the onset of South-West rainstorm in the midst of June, 2001.

              The polythene spread was emptied without much unsettling impact to the soil around

              the establishments of the seedlings and the void spreads were held tight the stakes changed

              at each pit-point, to empower region of the planted seedlings for additional data



              • #22
                what are the survival chances of the seedlings of kattu punna ?


                • #23
                  The survival of field-planted seedlings was watched reliably and those

                  couple of seedlings passed on in the midst of the first month were in like manner supplanted. After a period

                  Table 4.1.4. Purposes of enthusiasm of survival and advancement of out-planted seedlings

                  Month of


                  No. of seedlings


                  No. of





                  Typical tallness


                  3 months 466 54 89.62 18.3

                  6 months 359 161 69 18.7

                  9 months 255 265 49 18.9

                  12 months 203 317 39 20

                  of 12 months, practically 39 for each penny of the seedlings survived. In the midst of the first

                  three late spring months (January-March, 2002), there was significant setback on account of

                  draught, which chop down the survival to 49 for each

                  penny from 95 for every penny taking after one month of planting. The

                  purposes of enthusiasm on number of seedlings planted and the number

                  survived and ordinary improvement recorded


                  • #24
                    what are the pests that threaten the plants in plantation fields and what is the control for that?


                    • #25
                      Lavish leaf encouraging by a lymantrid caterpillar was seen to be determined seedlings kept up

                      at Peechi in the wake of planting. Notwithstanding, no such frequency was seen in the

                      ranch raised at Kollathirumedu. Utilization of 0.1% Ekalux 25 EC

                      (Quinalphos) was discovered successful to control the caterpillar.


                      • #26
                        The seeds of Calophyllum polyanthum, free from vermin strike, are to be assembled

                        from the field. With no pretreatment around 47 for each penny of the seeds

                        grow in seed-overnight boardinghouses was 45 for every penny in polypots. With a particular deciding objective to avoid

                        the impact of pricking and polypotting from nursery beds, it is proposed

                        that the seeds may be dibbled in polypots stacked with planning mix or root

                        mentors stacked with mixed weed compost or coir substance fertilizer. Attempt to root

                        youthful stem cuttings by hormone treatment at three obsessions was as well

                        compelling with 75 for every penny of the 4000 ppm IBA treated samples setting up in

                        significant vermiculite medium. Accordingly, seedlings can be made on a broad scale

                        from the seed source in polypots stacked with get ready mix, root coaches with

                        mixed weed or coir pith fertilizer or by vegetative expansion. No bona fide disturbance

                        on the other hand contamination event was recorded on seed, nursery and bequest periods of the

                        species. Then again, being a sorts of the evergreen woods, the seedlings when

                        out-planted oblige thick shade. Advancement of the species is genuinely direct, as

                        seen in the midst of the starting 12 months of the farm trial when the seedlings

                        fulfilled only a typical tallness of 20 cm in the field.