cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe


DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
 

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
 

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala


DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
 

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...
 

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...

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Why Rabbit farming?

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  • Why Rabbit farming?

    Hi,

    I am from Andhra Pradesh, Parkasam Dt. I want start a small-scale industry.

    I heard that “Rabbit Farming” Is one, which is suitable for small scale.

    Before starting it, I just want to know the pros and cons of the Rabbit forming.

    Here I came-up with multiple questions.

    What are the benefits/features of the rabbit forming?

    What type of feeding is required for rabbits?

    How the weather should be maintained?

    How to prevent the diseases and what are the precautions to be take care??

    Anyone please suggest me to start my glorious career

    Thanks in advance.

  • #2
    Hi,

    Here I’m sharing the information whatever I know about rabbit farming and hope you’ll get clear information on this.

    Broiler Rabbit farming was promoted by government of India in 1976 to make alternative best meat and since then its farming was picked up. Now the major stake of production is in Kerala, Tamil nadu, Karnataka and minor stake in all other states of India.

    Coming to answer your questions, here you go!!

    Why Rabbit Farming?
    • With available small investment and in a small place rabbit farming gives more income
    • Rabbits eat ordinary feed and convert them into a protein rich high quality meat
    • Apart from meat production they can also be reared for hide and fur.

    Rabbit Farming is for whom?
    For landless farmers, uneducated youth and women, rabbit farming gives an additional income as a part time job.

    Advantages of Rabbit Farming
    • By rabbit rearing one can produce a quality protein rich meat for his own family
    • Rabbits can be fed with easily available leaves, waste vegetables, grains available in the home
    • Growth rate in broiler rabbits is very high. They attain 2 kgs at the age of three months
    • Litter size (Number of young ones born/ kindling) in rabbits is high (around 8-12)
    • When compared to the other meats rabbit meat contain high protein (21%) and less fat (8%). So this meat is suitable for all age groups from adults to children.

    Special features of ‘Rabbit Farming:
    Rabbits are midway between ruminants and mono-gastric animals. They are called pseudo ruminant. They can convert cellulose into meat and can easily survive on kitchen scrap. They are coprophagous in nature they reinvest their faeces in the early hours of morning directly from their anus through lips. Thus replenish vitamins and cellulose content of feases.

    They breed eight times in a year. Female may produce five to eight youngs which attain sexual maturity in five to six months. Life span of rabbit is about six to seven years. Slaughter weight of rabbit is about 2 kg. which can be achieved in 12 to 15 weeks. Rabbits have got fast reproductive process and are able to remate within 24 hours of giving birth [kindling]. Their gestation period ranges to 31 days.

    Location and Housing:
    • Ensure adequate facility for clean water, electricity, approach road, supply of breeding stock, feed, fodders & veterinary aid.
    • For small size rabbit farms hutch system may be adopted which is a self-contained cage-cum-nest box with its own roof.
    • In case of larger farms cages may be arranged inside the sheds in single or two tier under hanging or step wise rack system.
    • Provide adequate floor space per rabbit.
    • Rabbitry roofing should be preferably of asbestos, wood, thatch or other locally available cheaper materials.
    • Construct sheds in such a way that predators and birds do not enter the shed. In case of open hutches proper fencing should be provided to protect the rabbits from their predators.
    • Construct rat proof civil structures for feed and wool storage.
    • Keep the shed/pens clean by regular cleaning and disinfection to make it free from flies/mosquitoes and a foot dip should be maintained at the entrance of the sheds.
    • Rabbit cages should be cleaned regularly, especially disinfected before kindling.
    • During kindling period cage/hutch nest box should be kept clean so that kits do not pick up diseases like coccidia.
    • Feeders and waterers should be cleaned regularly and mash feed should be removed from the feeders which can be used for feeding other livestock species.

    Equipment:
    • Use scientifically designed cages and equipment. The ideal gauge for floor of the cage is 14-16 with a mesh size of 19x19 mm or 25x13 mm. The walls and roof can be constructed with lighter gauge i.e. 16-20 with a mesh size of 25x25mm.
    • The feeders should be designed and placed in such a manner that the feed can be poured from outside and should be 5-7.5 cm. above the cage floor to avoid contamination by urine, faeces or water. The rim of the feeders should be round and turned inward ½" so that the rabbits do not spill the feed/water.
    • The watering equipment of 400-500 ml. capacity made up of aluminum, earthen or any other locally available cheaper material may be used.

    Feeding:
    • Production performance depends upon the quality of feed offered. For high production levels balanced pellet feed in combination with hay should be given.
    • Fresh green plants like bean, Alfalfa, berseem, grass, tender banana, cane and bamboo leaves, cutup pieces of the stalks of plants such as maize or banana, roots such as cassava, yams, carrots, beefs and turnips inedible portions of cabbage and cauliflower etc. can replace partially or wholly pellet feeds in case of low input and low output production system.
    • If whole pellet is fed, feed is given at a time for many days.
    • If concentrate and hay are given, then concentrate should be offered preferably in the morning and hay in the afternoon.
    • A practical combination of different types of feeds and regular timetable for feeding is advisable so that rabbits do not feel any stress due to changes in their daily routine.
    • Water should be available round the clock particularly to a lactating doe.
    • Always give fresh and clean drinking water.
    • Always keep water pots clean and remove sediments daily. Water pots should be cleaned thoroughly every week.

    Breeding Management:
    • The average age at first mating is about 4-6 months and it varies with the physical maturity of individual rabbit and also breed.
    • Mating should be done either early in the morning or in the evening.
    • The doe is to be taken to the buck cage and never vice-verse.
    • The nest box is kept in the cage around 25th day of pregnancy with loosened jute wool or wood shavings.
    • In order to prevent inbreeding depression, rabbits from the same family should not be bred.

    Care of young ones:
    • The nest box should be removed after 5 weeks of kindling.
    • Kits should be examined and dead ones should be removed daily.
    • If the bedding becomes wet it should be replaced by a fresh and clean one.
    • No sudden change in feed is advisable.

    Disease prevention/control:
    • Clean sanitary conditions of rabbit cages, sheds and equipment, balanced feed and fresh clean water are essential to prevent chances of infection.
    • The rabbits should be prevented from coming in contact with the feaces.
    • Overcrowding should be avoided.
    • Proper ventilation should be provided.
    • Flies which may act as carriers of the infection should be kept under control in the rabbitry.
    • Rabbit cages should be disinfected with blow lamp after every shearing and kindling cage before the doe is shifted.
    • Burn dead sick rabbits at once to keep the diseases from spreading.

    Let’s see how easy it is.
    Rabbit Farming business requires less space and it can be done anywhere at farm, backyard, on terrace or even at home.
    • The capital investment for this is very less.
    • As Rabbits are vegetarian you can feed almost anything vegetarian to the Rabbit including waste or surplus vegetables from the market, tree leaves, cattle grass or even kitchen scrap. Hence, it is very easy and affordable to feed a Rabbit.
    • No skilled labor is required for this project.
    • As per Indian Law we cannot catch, kill or keep a Rabbit as Pet animal. But since 1960, the Government of India has taken initiative in importing Rabbits. Thus growing or keeping Imported Rabbits is authorized by Indian Law.
    • The reproduction capacity of Rabbits is very high. One female Rabbit delivers every 30 days. She delivers 5 to 10 babies per delivery.
    • 15 days after delivery the female Rabbit gets ready for mating again and the pregnancy and lection period is just 30 days. That means a female can deliver babies every 45 days, which is very fast growth of reproduction. In five years a mother Rabbit will deliver 34 times.
    • Within 3 months a baby Rabbit gains weight of 2 to 3 kgs.


    Rabbit Breeds available in India:

    Nuzealand White
    Nuzealand Red
    Californian
    White Giant
    Gray Giant
    Flemish Giant
    Soviet Chinchilla

    Please let me know for any other questions in this regards!

    -Alex.

    Comment


    • #3
      I'll soon give you the calories table of different animal meat.

      Comment


      • #4
        Calories, Protein and Fat Values for meat per 100 grams.

        Calories Protein Fat
        RABBIT 187 27 8
        Beef (lean) 275 25 20
        Pork chops (grilled) 340 28 24
        Pork leg (roast) 290 27 20
        Lamb breast (roast) 398 22 30
        Lamb chops (grilled) 368 21 28
        Lamb cutlets (grilled) 375 23 31
        Venison 200 34 6.5
        Chicken 140 26 12
        Turkey (roast) 165 28 6
        Duck (roast) 330 20 30
        Goose (roast) 350 30 25
        Pheasant (roast) 250 30 9


        Thanks!
        Last edited by alex123; 07-29-2014, 10:28 AM.

        Comment


        • #5

          Thank you Alex. Thanks for your valuable information.
          I got more clarification.

          Comment


          • #6
            And one more doubt, Does the weather will support or not?

            I am thinking more about that to start my career.

            After the establishment if the weather is not supported, it will become more problem for me.

            What are the weather conditions shall be to survive the rabbits???

            Comment


            • #7
              The ideal weather should be less than 40 degrees. Also, make sure it should not be too cold as well since the babies of 1 to 5 days age will suffer from getting feeding from their mother.

              To start this as a career is good option provided you have full time concentration on this and you should directly involve in the work during the initial days.

              Comment


              • #8
                The Flemish Giant rabbit

                Hi forum,

                I found there are so many breeds mentioned in the above posts..

                I am very curious about this breed, because the size of the flemish gaint is very huge.

                Does it more help us in terms of profits???

                Could anyone please assist me the feeding for this breed??? what is the special care to be taken???

                Thanks & Regards,
                new farmer

                Comment


                • #9
                  The Flemish giant is one the broiler breed available in the rabbitary field now a days. Yes, it attains good weight when compared to other breeds and which has good feed to fat conversion ratio as far as I know. This can be grown for meet purpose. Literally true!, I have seen a flemish gaint rabbit of 9kgs live weight.

                  Comment

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