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BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe

DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

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FAMILY: Rutaceae
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu

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FAMILY: Malvaceae
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala

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Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

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Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

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how did eighteenth century tidal cultivation of rice develop?

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  • how did eighteenth century tidal cultivation of rice develop?

    how did eighteenth century tidal cultivation of rice develop?

  • #2
    Porcher suggests a beginning date of

    around 1738 for tidal advancement, disregarding the way that it

    took an extra 50 years for the trade to be

    completed (Clifton 1981:275; Cinder 1958:i:281).

    The 1738 date used by Porcher may begin from a

    South Carolina Periodical (January 19, 1739) notice

    that offered two tracts of zone accessible to be acquired: "each

    contains as much Conduit Swamp, as will make

    two Fields for 20 Negroes, which is over flow'd

    with new water, every high tide, and of

    come about not subject to the Draughts."

    Chaplin, too, finds demonstrate that producer

    comprehended the capacity of tidal flooding by the

    1730s (Chaplin 1993:232) refering to a 1741 South

    Carolina Daily paper advancement for 1,400 areas of arrive on

    the Combahee Conduit "in a respectable tide's way."

    A key qualification with the

    presentation of tidal rice was extended yield

    each hand. Drenching of the fields controlled

    both dreadful animals and weeds – allowing each African

    slave to work more areas of area. In 1748, with internal part

    swamp improvement, the yield each hand was

    appeared for have been around 2,200 pounds or

    around 49 bushels of cruel rice. One hand would

    work some place around 1 and 3 areas of place that is known for rice, moreover

    to acquisition crops. By 1791, the ordinary rice

    arrive each hand had extended to between 5

    additionally 6, or more obtainment yields (Clifton 1981:277;

    Powder 1958:i:283-284; Whitten 1982:15).

    Despite the way that organization of the yield

    would be less work genuine, development of the

    fields obliged more work and capital than

    inland fields, and their upkeep took more

    still and thought (Chaplin 1993:232, 235).

    Despite the resumption of importation of

    African slaves in the late 1740s, the fancies of

    overall markets in the midst of the 1740s and

    1750s restricted the producer's ability to clear out

    on the gigantic scale changes that would be

    expected to put new rice demons into creation.

    The system of tidal advancement

    (depicted by one producer as a "monstrous water controlled

    machine") has been laid out on such an assortment of

    occasions it scarcely needs excess (see, for

    delineation, Hilliard 1975 or for a vital record,

    Steward 1786). While the system is frequently cleared up

    (as it is by Hillard) as "splendid," it is

    key to remember that essentially most of the

    advancement had starting now been created for

    inland lowland rice improvement and the method of

    the acclimation to tidal society happened over at

    scarcest 40 years. While we don't want to neglect

    the mechanical alterations, it is basic to

    understand tidal improvement in an evolutionary

    association – with the relentless headway through

    quite a while of experimentation and usage of existing

    advancement. A fundamental blueprint is offered by


    In any case slaves created levees,

    on the other hand rice banks, around

    rectangular-shaped plots on the

    mudflats. The rice field was

    embanked at sufficient tallness to

    foresee tidal flood, with

    banks oftentimes landing at six feet in

    tallness. Earth emptied in the

    technique realized a close-by

    trench, while openings in the rice

    bank surrendered the inflow of

    tidal water onto the field. The

    next step included parceling the

    domain into quarter zones (of ten

    to thirty segments of area), with conduit water

    passed on through helper

    trench. This conspicuous plan of

    water control engaged the

    modification of zone units to

    work asks for and allowed

    slaves to sow rice clearly along

    the floodplain. Courses fused with

    the dam and field

    territories functioned as valves for

    flooding and waste. Right when

    opened at high tide, the tide

    flooded the field. Closed at low

    tide, the water stayed on the

    crop. Opened again on the ebb

    tide, wealth water was purged

    a long way from the plot. (Carney


    Carney (2001:94-96) in like manner elucidates the dynamic

    improvement from fitting trunks – dug out

    cypress logs with a module one end to control

    stream – to hanging conductors still seen today as

    water control contraptions in coastline impoundments.

    Cultivator were aware of the ability of

    tidal rice fields, and respectably high expenses

    in the midst of the 1760s affected some to develop

    into the new green designing. At any rate "in the

    lowcountry's creating estate economy,

    green examinations saw acknowledgment exactly when

    a crisis jeopardized existing green

    works out (Chaplin 1993:19). The War of Jenkin's

    Ear (1739-1742) energized South Carolina's

    gathering of indigo planting, and the nonimportation

    resolutions of the early 1770s

    (Americans declined to buy English material)

    upheld home making of woolen and

    cotton – drove by the cultivator top notch, this political

    reaction secured the structure for the post-war

    cotton impact (Chaplin 1993:212-214).

    Whitten prescribes that by the late

    eighteenth century, rice cultivator were

    experiencing issues with weed and bug

    control, and soil exhaustion – and these

    issues prompted the choice of tidal

    improvement strategies (Whitten 1982:8-9; this

    same viewpoint is reiterated by Bagwell 2000:86).

    Of course, Chaplin (1993) suggests that it

    was the crisis of the American Change that

    released willing rice producer from their

    respectably productive inland fields to unimaginable new

    uncleared tidal tracts.

    Regardless, the years of war took their

    toll on settled rice farms. Various slaves

    were seized by the Equipped power or lost to the

    English; with the enlistment of their administrators or

    aces, others coul