cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe

DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu

DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala

DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...



basic understanding of rice for cultivation

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  • basic understanding of rice for cultivation

    basic understanding of rice for cultivation

  • #2
    Rice (Oryza spp.) is a piece of the

    grain or grass family (Poaceae). A botanist

    would depict rice has having a morphology

    depicted by vacant, erect stems with long

    ensheathing gets out. The botanist would watch

    that the inflorescence is a terminal panicle of

    one-sprouted spikelets, getting to be erect in any case, then

    plotted. The rice may be either "rough looking,"

    suggesting that there is an awn or setaceous

    enlargement, or it may neglect to offer the "facial hair." Generally

    this is no more used as a morphological


    Two species (out of around 22

    notable species) are produced: Oryza

    glaberrima in West Africa and O. sativa in the rest

    of the world. The late may be gotten from the

    wild yearly structures (O. nivara) in northeastern

    besides eastern

    India, northern

    southeast Asia,

    besides southern

    China (Obscure


    besides its


    is considered

    to have

    happened between


    besides 10,000 B.c. (Harlan 1975:129, 220; see as well

    Heiser 1973:87). Interestingly, African rice practically

    undeniably tamed from the wild yearly

    species endemic to West Africa, with O. barthii

    the without a doubt candidate (Harlan 1975:200,

    Obscure 1999:15).

    Masters generally describe two wide

    social affairs (of the an immense number of "blended packs") inside

    O. sativa, the assumed "indicas" and

    "japonicas." Since these two social affairs can't be

    easily crossbreed, it is likely that they separated

    right on time ever (Bread cook

    1978:13). The japonica sorts have short grains

    (additionally are known as "short-grained" rice) and are

    sticky when cooked, while the indica sorts

    (oftentimes called "long-grain rice") have long grains

    additionally are drier when cooked. This cooking quality

    of rice is managed by the rate of the

    starch fragments, including amylose and

    amylopectin. If low (10 to 18%), the rice will be

    sensitive and sticky. If high (25 to 30%) the rice will

    be hard and padded.

    All rice,

    then again, is not so much

    viably saw as

    morphologically diverse.

    As an outcome of

    hybridization, the

    assorted created

    rice species every one have

    their own shattering

    sorts of weed rice

    (Harlan 1975:96).

    These are the most disgusting part of

    rice cultivator around the globe

    as the weed

    seed is viably selfsown,


    the item. It has been noted that the Indica group

    has a more far reaching extent of grain shattering and

    more unmistakable potential to transform into a volunteer weed

    than does the Japonica group (Anonymous

    1999:26). Nevertheless, red rice, of either Indica or

    Japonica, smoothly smashs and has robust

    lethargy – transforming into a weed issue in rice

    fields. It is viewed that intraspecific

    hybridization between tamed rice and

    weed relatives, especially red rice, happens in

    Figure 2. Rice grain


    Figure 1. Rice plant (benevolence

    Leeds School,


    various rice-creating locales. The red rice turns

    tan not long in the wake of transforming and has definitely

    unique cooking qualities – taking of an opportunity time to

    cook (Glenn Roberts, singular correspondence

    2003). In this way, its region would bring about a

    significant drop in the estimation of the harvest. Since

    corrupting was so common, the principle reasonable

    camouflage was by hand rouging in the field.

    The structure of a rice grain may be

    separated into three segments.

    The germ is the heart of the

    grain, which develops when

    the seed is planted. It is

    rich in the B vitamins,

    vitamin E, protein,

    unsaturated fat, minerals,

    starches, and dietary

    fiber. The endosperm

    constitutes the greatest part

    of the grain. It is made

    basically of sugars in

    the indication of starch, with

    some divided protein

    in addition insights of vitamins and

    minerals. The wheat fragment

    is the covering and is

    made basically out of

    starch cellulose

    with takes after with B vitamins (tallying thiamin,

    niacin, and B-6), minerals (tallying iron

    phosphorus, magnesium, and potassium), and

    divided proteins. The outer husk, or body, is

    unpalatable yet is frequently used for fuel or fertilizer.

    While the entire grain is consumable, the wheat

    in addition germ are regularly cleared in the midst of preparing in

    appeal to reduce the likelihood of rancidity and to

    upgrade the limit nature of the grain (new

    transformed rice wheat begins to demolish inside 8 hours of

    handling at room temperature). The following rice

    is known as handled rice, prepared white rice,

    cleaned rice, or cleaned white rice. Genuinely

    this handling strategy was not simply accommodating

    given the long shipment and concedes in landing at

    last markets (Clowse 1971:129), also served

    to deal with the business segment interest for a cleaned white

    rice. Surely, as right on time as 1722 Francis Younge's

    tract, A Point of view of the Trading of South-Carolina,

    commented that Carolina rice was "respected

    the best on the planet" (Merrens 1977:71).

    Today greatly delicate whiteness meters

    control the technique of preparing. Whiteness is

    measured in KET units, with Carolina Gold Rice

    handled to KET 38 being rack stable. Midway

    handled rice, regardless, with a KET of 35-36, while

    barely discernable at the table, brings about rice

    with the germ and a little rate of the

    wheat still joined. Most powers agree that

    Carolina Gold Rice at KET 35-36 is an adjacent

    duplicating of African hand beat rice. At this

    stage the rice holds its noteworthy flavor – however is

    still perishab