cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe

DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu

DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala

DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...



AND SCENARIO OF organic agriculture

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  • moulis
    started a topic AND SCENARIO OF organic agriculture

    AND SCENARIO OF organic agriculture

    hello all,can you please share some information about organic farming? What is the concept of organic farming? What are the major advantages of following it?

  • prudhvi
    To evaluate the cases of natural cultivating defenders that naturally developed items

    are more nutritious, albeit next to no studies have been done in India yet part of

    studies have been taken up in England, Europe and USA. The vast majority of such studies when

    considered separately don't show any huge varieties in quality, yet

    a few studies appear to show decisive confirmation one way or the other. In any case

    interestingly when the nourishing correlations are heaped up together and we ask the

    right inquiries, an alternate picture develops which recommends that naturally developed

    products are more rich in some crucial vitamins and minerals and has lower dangerous

    segments, for example, nitrates and overwhelming metals. Dominant part of the studies show

    altogether larger amounts of vitamin-C, fundamental minerals, for example, iron, magnesium,

    phosphates and calcium. More than 90% of natural items have been discovered to be

    having low to extremely levels of free nitrates in saps. Taking everything into account it can be securely expressed

    that there are sufficient signs to demonstrate that naturally developed items are

    prevalent in supplements. Albeit, there may be question that the amount of predominant and

    whether this amount will have some huge effect on general wellbeing situation or

    not, but rather patterns demonstrate their prevalence over customary items.

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  • moulis
    Does Organic Products produce More Nutritious ??

    Leave a comment:

  • manasa_farm
    Support hurting is realized by the region of pathogenic microorganisms in sustenance things.

    Prominent among such pathogenic infinitesimal creatures are Salmonella, Campylobacter, Taenia

    soleum, Citrobacter freundii and Escherichia coli strain 0157. All these minute life forms are

    transcendent in animal guts and in their excreta. As common improvement relies on upon higher

    use of manures it is acknowledged that they act higher peril of pollution. After

    watchful appraisal and studies no such verifications have been found. Interestingly

    manures are proposed for all structures and customary cultivating as well

    advances extended use of fertilizers. Larger piece of the studies assume that there is no

    peril of any sustenance hurting or bacterial pollution through normal things. They are

    as protected as some different things conveyed by some other structure.

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  • amit
    Does Organic Products Increase the Risk of Food Poisoning or Bacterial Infection?

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  • moulis

    A piece of relationships has been made to take in the truth. The lion's share of the studies

    demonstrate that fundamentally there are no detectable differentiations amidst normally and

    routinely created verdant sustenances. While shape and shading are blend

    specific genetic characters, volume and robustness are subordinate upon air,

    natural temperature and cultivating practices. Under near circumstances,

    consequences of two systems were vague.

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  • manasa_farm
    Does Normal Nourishments developed from the beginning Better in Physical Appearance

    Shape, shading, volume and robustness are a segment of the basic visual characters of


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  • manasa_farm
    Evaluation of quality from taste viewpoint is troublesome, as particular persons have

    unmistakable standards depending on their affinities, inclining toward and perception. When in doubt

    there is no confirmation of better taste in normal results of the dirt. In vegetables

    where high water substance is favored normal vegetable may rate lower. In any case, this is

    again subjected to individual slant and may not hold well under all

    circumstances. In any case, totally the improving fixings, oils and other taste giving

    fixings have been found to be higher in normal things.

    Leave a comment:

  • sushma
    Do organic products taste better?

    Leave a comment:

  • prudhvi
    Normal cultivating has definitely incited high unsafe levels in our sustenance. If we

    investigate the threat intentionally we will find that these strange states may not as a result of the

    fault in advancement, however fundamentally due to the continued with usage of enduring pesticides,

    imperfect application, absence of mindfulness and voracity of agriculturists to hint at change expenses of their

    thing. Nonetheless, for this moreover the advancement needs to share the issue. In reality

    characteristic things are protected and free from an extensive variety of noxious stores. The things

    grown in potential characteristic domains (where no pesticides are being used) have been

    found to be free of pesticide stores. In India studies coordinated by distinctive

    accreditation associations show either no or low levels (underneath discernible purposes of repression) of

    pesticides and distinctive contaminants. In distinctive countries furthermore regular things have

    been found to be having low levels of developments, which are nearing for the most part as buoy

    from conventional estates.

    Leave a comment:

  • moulis
    what are the Menace of Pesticide Residues ?

    Leave a comment:

  • manasa_farm
    With most things on the planet individuals have a tendency to have both, positive and negative

    sentiment. Same is valid with these two cultivating frameworks moreover. Both the rivals and

    advocates have their not insignificant rundown of myths and substances and release one another's cases

    as not manageable, irrelevant, unwarranted or misinformed. In their extensive show some

    focuses are truly of concern yet some are overstated and some are sheer

    creative energy, far from reality. In this section an endeavor has been made to

    dissect different myths made about and against the natural cultivating v/s

    traditional cultivating.

    Leave a comment:

  • amit
    Comparing Safety and Quality of Food in Conventional and Organic farming which is a better option to choose?

    Leave a comment:

  • sushma
    Delayed consequences of 21 year trial at Rodale Association FSI in Pennsylvania

    Rodale Establishment FSI in Kutztaen, Pennsylvania is continuing with close

    studies on 6.1 ha of zone following 1981. The trial layout join 3 altering

    structure (in essential plot) with (a) conventional (b) animal feces and vegetable based

    common (animal based regular) and (c) vegetable based normal. The essential plots were

    18x92 mt each part into three 8x92 mt sub plots, which considered same item

    examination in any one year.

    1. Item yields under regular precipitation years - Corn grain yields touched base at the midpoint of 4222,

    4743 and 5903 kg/ha in the midst of the introductory five transitional years for normal animal

    (OA) Normal vegetable (OL) and common (C) systems exclusively. After this

    transitional period corn grain yields were near for all system at 6431, 6368

    besides, 6553 kg/ha for OA, OL and C systems independently. General soybean yields

    from 1981 to 2001 (except for 1999 when harvest failed) were equivalent for all system.

    2. Item yields under dry season condition - Ordinary corn yields in 5 dry years

    were inside and out higher (28 to 34%) in the two common system (6938 and 7235

    kg/ha for OA and OL) differentiated and normal structure (5333 kg). In the midst of the

    astounding dry season of 1999 the OA structure had inside and out higher corn yields

    (1511 kg/ha) than the other 2 systems. Soybean yields responded in an unforeseen way

    in the midst of the 1999 dry season and were around 1800, 1400 to 900 kg/ha for OA, OL

    besides, C structure.

    3. Water pervasion and upkeep - Over 12 years period water volumes

    pervading through every structure were 15% to 20% higher in OL and OA system

    independently then the C System. This demonstrated an extended ground water

    resuscitate and decreased continue running off in the regular systems. In the midst of 1995, 1996, 1998

    besides, 1999 soil water substance were measured of OL and C system. The

    estimations exhibited more water in the normally supervised field then

    routine system plots.

    4. Imperativeness inputs - The essentialness inputs in corn for the OA and OL system were 28%

    likewise, 32% not precisely those of routine system. The essentialness inputs for soybean

    creation were skirting on near at 2.3, 2.3 and 2.1 million Kcal for OA, OL and C

    system independently.

    5. Budgetary matters - The money related relationship made in the midst of 1991-2001 (without expense

    premium for regular) for normal corn-soybean turn and conventional cornsoybean

    structure uncovered that the net return for both turn were equivalent. The

    yearly net return for standard structure landed at the midpoint of about $184 each ha, while

    the common vegetable structure for cash grain era touched base at the midpoint of $ 176 each ha.

    The yearly costs each ha for the standard v/s common turns separately

    were $ 354 and $ 281.

    6. Work Cost - The common structure requires 35% more work, however since it is

    spread out over the creating season, the utilized work costs each ha are just about

    equal between the two systems.

    7. Efficiency - Over the 10 year period, regular corn (without quality premium)

    was 25% more beneficial then standard corn ($ 221 each ha verses $ 178 each

    ha). This was possible in light of the fact that regular corn yields were only 3% less then the

    conventional yields (5843 kg/ha verses 6011 kg/ha) while costs were 15% less

    ($351 each ha verses $ 412 each ha)

    Delayed consequence of 7 year long term field trial at ICRISAT in India

    In India, though no such long term studies have been made, yet far reaching number of

    innovative agriculturists have made distinctive characteristic developing models, where

    commensurate yields of particular grains, vegetable, fiber, vegetable and natural item reaps are

    being gotten dependably over years. To take a gander at the probability of such structures

    under Indian conditions a whole deal trial was begun at Worldwide Harvests

    Investigation Association for Semi Arid like the Sahara desert Tropics (ICRISAT) Patancheru, India since 1999,

    with four particular course of action of yield cultivating: Insignificant exertion system I in light of rice straw

    (LC-I), Ease structure - II in perspective of estate waste (LC-II), Routine (C) and

    Joined (C+O). As most of the Indian farmers are little and unimportant and own few

    animals, the availability of manure in satisfactory quality won't be there, the

    trial was made with less out of animal compost and a more prominent measure of other normal


    1. Crops improvement and yield - Six particular items (soybean, pigeon pea, maize,

    sorghum, cowpea and cotton) grew in latest six years rose well. Be that as it may, the

    regardless year, in which LC1 and LC2 yielded 35-62% lower yields, the yields in other

    quite a while, in LC1 and LC2 have been on a standard with C or at most 14% lower then

    C+O. Most immense point of view for the farmers is the net compensation, which have been

    much higher in LC1 and LC2 then C (except for the first year of move). The

    differential has run some place around 1.3 and 4.6 times, exhibiting that in financial

    terms, the low data framework is ended up being much gainful

    Rate of illness and frightening little thing bugs - ignoring high misgiving of neck area ruin by

    Sclerotium rolfsii and stem borer in the region of high biomass in LC1, LC2

    in addition, C+O, the recurrence of neck area rot was basically non-existent (at <5%

    mortality). Helicoverpa armigera, a vital bothering of pigeon pea and cotton was

    regulated well with characteristic procedures. Rate of borer damage was as well

    lower in LC1and LC2 then in C+O. Aphids spoke to some issue in LC1 and LC2

    in introductory three years, however the issue could be overcome with advantageous utilization of

    1% chemical shower. After that aphids were never a peril despite when seen on

    cotton, maize and pigeon pea. Interchange bugs managed with 0.8% cleaning agent were

    coarse bugs and cow-like bugs. People of trademark enemies of bug aggravations was

    all around higher in the simplicity structure then C and C+O.

    3. Soil properties and Supplement equality - Here it is charming to note that while

    LC1 and LC2 made yields essentially indistinguishable to C, without tolerating any manufactured

    fertilizer they truly exhibited addition in the convergance of N and P

    differentiated and C. In years 3 and 4 this addition was 11-34% inside and out N and 11-

    16% through and through P in LC1 and LC2, reasonably more then in C. Among particular soil

    natural properties, the soil breath was more by 17-27% in regular plots

    by then in C, microbial biomass carbon was 28-29% higher, microbial biomass

    nitrogen was 23-28% more and destructive and essential phosphates were 5-13%

    higher diverged from C.

    4. Bookkeeping report of nitrogen and phosphorus - LC1 and LC2 which got

    plant biomass, fertilizer and microorganism as their genuine wellspring of harvest

    supplements twisted up getting essentially more N (27-52%) and more P (50-

    58%) then what was added to C (604 kg N/ha and 111 kg P/ha as manures).

    5. Choice Six years investigating distinctive streets in regards to 4 harvest husbandary structures reveal

    that expansion of yields can be fulfilled by the joined usage of blend

    manures and characteristic inputs/practices (facilitated agribusiness), however this

    mix may not be direct for little of fringe farmers in rainfed

    ranges. The insignificant exertion natural (regular) techniques can be an appealing choice,

    particularly when their key application realizes yield levels at standard with

    standard structure. The straightforwardness structure analyzed above not simply yielded

    comparable results, yet were 25% more profitable then conventional system.

    Aggravation and illness organization was similarly fruitful and insignificant exertion with regular

    approaches. Soil readiness and soil supplement equality was certainly on basically

    higher side in regular system and offer longer viability and suitability of the

    apporaches under Indian contions, conventional of little and unimportant agriculturists.

    4 Years think about under Framework Reach out on Common Developing (ICAR)

    With the request to saturate tentatively sanction common developing systems and to

    make range/ area specific organization traditions, four years earlier, a "Framework

    Wander on Normal Developing" (NPOF) was begun by Indian Social affair of Agrarian

    Research (ICAR) under Endeavor Directorate of Trimming Systems Research,

    Modipuram. Thirteen examination stations from all over all through the country are sharing in

    the endeavor. A brief diagram of results and examination highlights are shown here.

    The investigations in the assignment have been formed basically to survey the relative

    execution of territory specific, basic altering structures under characteristic and

    standard developing, and assess agronomic profitability of various characteristic inputs

    especially regular manures and bio-administrators. Trimming structures which are under

    evaluation incorporate grain crops (for the most part Basmati rice, durum and aestivum wheat,

    sorghum and maize), heartbeats and oil seeds (Chickpea, lentil, green gram, soybean,

    mustard and groundnut), flavors (dull pepper, ginger, turmeric, chillies, onion and

    garlic), common item trees (mango), vegetables (potato, okra, newborn child corn, cowpea, peas,

    tomato and cauliflower), cotton, food yields (sorghum, maize, pearl millet, oat,

    cowpea and berseem) and therapeutic plants (Isabgol and mentha) in territory specific

    trimming structures

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  • prudhvi
    The DOK long term trial (D identifies with Biodynamic, O addresses normal and K

    identifies with standard) was taken up resulting to 1978 as a group work by

    Investigation Association of Common Developing (FiBL) and Swiss Government Examination Station

    for Agroecology and Cultivating (FAL-Reckenholz). The DOK whole deal trial – uncommon

    in its beginning, takes a gander at the results of bio-normal, bio-dynamic,

    conventional (mineral fertilizers) and joined (standard + common) developing

    structures in a randomized plot trial that has no other equivalent. Items focused on were:

    Potatoes, vegetable green manures, winter wheat with grain intercrop, cabbage,

    grain, grass-clover, beet-root, soybean and maize. Striking highlights of the study are

    as takes after:

    1. Productivity – Yield in both the regular and biodynamic structure were either at

    standard or 1-5% lower then conventional. An ordinary item yield diminishing of 20%

    was viewed, appeared differently in relation to the facilitated use of manures and composts

    (manures used as a piece of these prescriptions were indistinguishable to the sum used as a part of

    characteristic plots and composts were incorporated as additional supplement).

    2. Supplement balance – The nitrogen equality was negative under all systems.

    Phosphorus in the standard structures exhibited a flood, however in the

    normal and biodynamic structures the P-balance was hardly negative. In

    potassium just minerally arranged plots exhibited overabundance, while it was negative in

    all systems. Interestingly the characteristic plots though, showed some negative

    conform similarly as P and K anyway it was having no impact on effectiveness and

    there were no deficiency symptoms whenever of time.

    3. Usage of essentialness – Normally created yields use less fossil, imperativeness than

    customary harvests. Change in soil– The use of characteristic matter had helpful result on the

    progression and robustness of soil structure. Carbon apportionment among differing

    atom size parts was found to be 15-20% higher in soils outfitted with

    characteristic waste products appeared differently in relation to non-manured soils. Penetration quality and soil

    complete security was moreover found to be particularly improved in systems gave

    with characteristic waste products. Regular organization propelled change of

    night crawlers or more ground arthropods, thusly improving the advancement conditions

    of the yield. More no-limit predators served to control dangerous animals

    (bugs). Hard and fast microbial biomass of microorganisms was 20-40% higher in

    regular structures than routine structure with fertilizer and 60-80% higher than

    simply mineral treatment system. In soils of the characteristic structures, soil compound

    activities were especially higher than in

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