cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe

DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu

DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala

DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...




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  • #31
    how is plant protection of papaya carried out? what are the major disease that could affect papaya plants?


    • #32
      Nematodes: To control in the nursery, apply Carbofuran 3 G @ 1 g/ polythene sack after

      germination. Apply Neemcake @ 250 g each plant + Carbofuran 3G 1 g a.i/ plant + P. fluorescens

      @ 4 g/ plant to minimize reniform nematode people.


      Root ruin and psychologist: In water stagnated districts root-rot may appear. It is fitting to sprinkle the

      soil with 1 % Bordeaux mixture or Metalaxyl @ 0.2% 2 or 4 times at fortnightly intervals. Awesome

      drainage is central.

      Papaya ringspot disease disorder: Get papaya seedlings up dreadful animal confirmation net house. Grow two

      lines of periphery yield of maize one month preceding transplanting of seedlings. Apply FYM @10 kg/

      plant. For vector organization, shower Dimethoate @1.5 ml/ lit at month to month between times up to 5 months

      in the wake of planting took after by Zinc sulphate(0.5%)+ Boran 0.1% at 4th and 7th month.

      Yield term: 24 – 30 months.

      Harvest: Natural items should be picked at shading break stage.

      Yield: The ordinary yield is according to the accompanying

      CO 2 : 200 - 250 t/ ha

      CO 3 : 100 - 120 t/ ha

      CO 5 : 200 - 250 t/ ha

      CO 6 : 120 - 160 t/ ha

      CO 7: 200 - 225 t/ ha

      CO 8: 220 - 230 t/ ha

      Papain extraction: Papain has a couple of current uses, the vital one being in aging

      business ventures. It is used as "meat tenderiser" and in material and calfskin "sanforization" frames

      besides, drugs.The framework for extraction of papain from papaya characteristic items is clear. The latex should be

      tapped from adolescent papaya common items. Select 75 to 90 days old characteristic items. On the picked regular item, give

      passage focuses (cut) with a dispensable cutter or stainless steel razor sharp edge. The slices should be given from stalk to tip

      of the natural item. The significance of the cut should not be more than 0.3 cm. Four such cuts are given

      differentiated generally as on the regular item surface. Tap the latex at a youthful hour in the morning and complete the tapping

      before 10.00 a.m. Repeat the tapping four times on the same regular item at a break of three days. The

      sliced should be given on the characteristic item surface in spots not secured by past cuts. The latex assembled

      from all the trees in a day should be pooled, shade dried in an aluminum dish or plate and passed

      through a 50 cross segment sifter to evacuate all remote matter. In gigantic homes, vacuum driers can be

      grasped with purpose of hobby. Papain made by fake warming will have better shading and high

      quality. Incorporate Potassium meta-bi-sulphite (KMS) at 0.5 % for better shading and keeping quality.

      The latex should be dried rapidly at temperatures of 50 to 55oC. Stopped drying when the

      gotten thing comes dry as chips having a penetrable surface. Powder the dried papain by system for

      wooden mallets or in electrically worked granulators and strainers the powder through 10 grid

      strainer. Pack the powder in polythene packs in beneficial sums and seal them. Put the

      altered sacks in a tin holder and seal it in the wake of discharging air. Prologue to air disintegrates the

      nature of papain and vacuum altering is thusly essential. For tremendous scale generation of

      papain, vacuum altering machine and a granulator will be useful.The green papaya characteristic items after

      extraction of papain can be used for pectin generation and "tuity fruity" or they can be allowed to

      develop and made into distinctive things. The CO 2, CO 5 and CO 8 arrangements of papaya released

      by Tamil Nadu Cultivating School, Coimbatore are ideal for papain era.

      Yield: The yield of grungy papain is according to the accompanying: CO 2: 600 kg/ ha, CO 5 & CO 8: 800 kg/ ha.

      Seed Development

      Germination change: Store the seeds in impermeable compartments. Assimilate the seeds 100

      ppm GA3 for 16 hours or in 2% new leaf concentrate of arappu or 1% pungam leaf concentrate or pellet

      the seeds with arappu leaf powder.

      Perfect significance of sowing: Sow seeds at 1 cm significance for better germination and seedling


      Assessing: BSS 6 wire grid sifter.

      Limit: Dry seeds to 8-10% soddenness and treat with halogen mixture containing CaOCl2, CaCO3

      besides, arappu leaf powder (at 5:4:1 extent) @ 3 g/ kg and accumulate in material pack to keep up practicality upto 5


      Invigoration of old seeds

      Secured seeds can be empowered by retaining them debilitate plan of disodium phosphate (10-4

      M) getting 1:8 seed to plan extent for 4 hours took after by drying back to remarkable sogginess