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Apricot Production in India

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  • Apricot Production in India

    Hello all, we are successfully cultivating apricots in madhya pradesh, it has been very favourable to us economically and practically, if anyone needs any information about cultivation and Harvesting they are free to ask..
    Thank you.

  • #2
    The apricot began in northeastern China and has been produced there

    for more than 3000 years. Starting there it spread west all through central Asia.

    Today, the essential zones of advancement are Mediterranean countries, Europe, Center Asia,

    America, and Africa. Turkey makes 85% of the world's dried apricots.

    World Era of Apricots (metric tones) 2,681,474

    Turkey 500,000

    Iran, Islamic Rep 225,000

    Italy 199,462

    Spain 159,200

    Pakistan 121,000

    Ukraine 112,000

    France 107,500

    Morocco 104,350

    China 98,000

    Greece 80,000

    Egypt 79,844

    US 73,660

    India has a long history of creating apricots and the adjacent collections are strong,

    incredible quality and among the most disturbance safe. Indian apricots are used both new

    additionally, dried, with an awesome piece of the dried yield offering to business areas in India, Russia, Ukraine and

    the Czech Republic.

    Apricot is nearby to districts with frosty winters. The tree is to some degree more nippy solid than

    the peach, continuing winter temperatures as cold as −30 °C or lower if strong. In

    india, the compelling ascertains apricot society are: (1) spring frosts, which can

    pulverize the yield, and (2) nonappearance of water. Apricot blooms early (February to Spring),

    besides, late spring frosts consistently kill the bud and blooms. Dry climate is best for good natural item

    creation and illness control, yet estates oblige enough water reliably to survive

    besides, bear a ha


    • #3
      What sort of organic product is an apricot?


      • #4
        The apricot (Prunus armeniaca) is a stone characteristic item, as are plums, peaches, nectarines,

        natural products, and almonds. Stone natural item have a singular seed secured by a hard, thick seed

        coat (or 'shell'); together the seed (or 'piece') and the seed coat are known as a "pit" or

        'stone'. Both the piece and the shell have financial uses despite the support regard

        of the natural item tissue. Apricot grows in front of calendar in spring and has a short advancement period, so that

        it is arranged for fresh market in right on time summer (May or June) in the fields, or September to

        October in the high nations. Apricots are produced on trees that accomplish statures of 3 to 13 m. The normal item is 3.5 to 6.5 cm

        wide and oblige 3 to 6 months to make and developed. After harvest, the apricots have

        amazingly short time span of sensible convenience and need to be eaten fresh within a few days; for the most part, the

        natural item should be dried or took care of for juice, stick, or canning.

        Sprouts contain both male and female parts and most apricots are self-ready, disregarding the way that

        they will set an unrivaled yield if another combination is open as a pollenizer. A few apricots

        are not self-rich and oblige great pollenizers. Treatment is by frightening animals, by and large

        honey bees. The trees have separate buds for blooms and leaves and the bloom buds

        are more weak to butchering frosts or too little chilling, which can moreover execute the blossom

        buds. Blossoms and natural item shape on both one year-old wood and on apparently never-ending short shoots

        (urges). Prods are beneficial for 3 to 5 years and the most shocking quality natural item is borne on

        more energetic prods.

        Most apricots begin fruiting in their second year, however liberal bearing does not begin

        until 3-5 years. Natural item oblige 3-6 months for development, dependent upon cultivar. The

        natural items move in size from 30 to 120 grams. The squash of the natural items is either yellow, orange, or

        white. The crush is thick, meaty and of high bore. Sugars' substance is 6.2–20%, acids'-

        0,25–1.8%. A typical item from a 20–30 year-old tree accomplishes 150–600 kilograms,

        additionally, 100-300 center


        • #5
          what are the different varieties of apricots?


          • #6
            Icy resilience and chilling necessity

            • Intelligence (how youthful a tree is the point at which it begins sprouting)

            • Time of sprout and development

            • Organic product size, shape, skin and substance shading, immovability, freeness of pit, tissue surface and


            • Product load

            • Ailment


            • #7
              Where do apricots develop in india? What mixtures

              are developed?


              • #8
                Apricots grow in the marsh fields Madhya pradesh and rajasthan, some places in kerla too and the high

                lands more than 2000 meters. The blended packs that are created can be disconnected by tallness and

                the measure of chilling atmosphere the blended packs need to blossom and normal item, furthermore how 'nippy

                strong' each blended sack is. The chilling essential of swamp verities is from 400-700 'chill

                hours', while upland blends require 800-1200 chill hours. One 'chill hour' is an hour at or

                underneath 7 ºC. The temperature at day time in the midst of natural item improvement is from 35-40/42 ºC in the

                swamp fields and 25-35 ºC in colder high land ranges. 'Frosty intense' means how frigid

                the tree can persevere without bloom and leaf buds kicking the dead


                • #9
                  The cultivator should pick a blended sack that

                  is balanced for the rise of the ranch, with chilling essential and cold sturdiness

                  for either low tallness, low-to-focus rise, or high stature. Most arrangements need

                  no under 150 ice free days from sprout to natural item advancement, or from the last killing ice in the

                  spring to the first executing ice in the fall.

                  Unlucky deficiency of trade year altering is in like manner an appealing trademark in apricot blended pack determination,

                  in any case, any apricot that bears energetically and is not reduced may exhibit little trimming in

                  the next year. Therefore, trade bearing can be controlled by decreasing a to a great degree heavilycropped

                  tree while the natural item are still little and green.

                  Self-Similitude: Most groupings are self-great, and set natural item without pollinizer,

                  nevertheless, regular item setting can be upgraded with pollinizers. The introduced blended packs recorded are all

                  self-great. As a last resort, plant 2 or more blended packs and they will probably be

                  cross-great, and set a prevalent harvest than a singular blended pack, if their sprout times


                  Common item quality: Regular item should be extensive and delightful; combinations picked later on for new

                  business should be adequately firm to handle for squeezing and conveyance. Natural item to be dried

                  should be high in sugars; higher sugar substance decreases ruining in the midst of drying. Natural item skin

                  moreover, tissue may be yellow, orange or white (Ameri blend, normal in high stature

                  ranges), with or without a red blush.


                  • #10
                    how to select a better rootstock in apricots?


                    • #11
                      Basic rootstock properties:

                      • similitude with scion

                      • conformity to soil and climatic conditions

                      • resistance of wet, generous soil

                      • straightforwardness and consistency in expansion

                      • affect on vegetative force

                      • talent, unsurprising trimming and yield (nonappearance of trade bearing) and common item


                      • solid altering and yield

                      • winter sturdiness and sprout delay for ice avoidance

                      • suckering slant

                      • affectability to sickness, troubles, and replant issues.

                      Choices for rootstocks: (see Table 1.)

                      1. apricot seedlings

                      2. peach (Prunus persica)

                      a. Lovell

                      b. Nemaguard

                      c. Nemared

                      3. plum

                      a. Prunus cerasifera

                      b. Myrobalan seedling, myrobalan 29C

                      c. Prunus cerasifera x Prunus munsoniana hybrid

                      d. Marianna 2624

                      Apricots can be turn into in solitude roots (as 'seedlings'), or joined on peach or plum

                      rootstocks. Various estates may have wild seedlings mixed with created blends in

                      Afghanistan. Seedlings exhibit wide effectiveness variability year-to-year, while developed

                      trees (apricot scions developed onto rootstocks) are less variable. Apricot cultivars are

                      every now and again united on plum or peach rootstocks. The united scion from a current

                      apricot plant gives the natural item qualities, for instance, flavor and flavor however the rootstock



                      • #12
                        Right when apricots are not turn into isolated roots, the scion blended pack is joined onto a

                        rootstock which is conveyed from seed (then called a 'seedling'), or made from

                        cuttings. The two sorts of joining used to convey apricots are (1) bud uniting and (2)

                        whip and tongue joining.


                        • #13
                          hey can you mention how is bud grafting carried out?


                          • #14
                            Cut a cut of bud and bark from the guardian tree.

                            2. Cut a comparative fragment off the rootstock, making a little lip at the base to opening the scion


                            3. Join the two together and tie.

                            4. In time, the scion bud will develop into a shoot, which will form into the fancied



                            • #15
                              and also how is whip and tongue grafting carried out?