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Carnation flower cultivation and Information

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  • Carnation flower cultivation and Information

    hello all, cultivating flowers is an exciting job, which also requires professionalism and knowledge about the flower you are about to cultivate, we have decided to grow carnation flowers, can you please share some crucial information about CARNATION FLOWER?

  • #2
    CARNATION (Dianthus caryophyllus) sprout is regarded for its awesome keeping

    quality, wide show of tones and farms, and ability to rehydrate after steady

    transportation. Carnation is indigenous to the Mediterranean ranges. In view of high cost of

    creation inside nurseries in Europe and USA, its improvement is moving to extra

    normally creating ranges where they are being conveyed at lesser cost. In India, carnation

    society is in a growing stage. Not a lot of business blended packs are seen in the business. The Sim

    race of carnation was at first displayed in India in 1980. In India, it is produced in 50ha

    numbering yearly sorts. Moderate climatic control measures that are calm can pass on

    quality carnations at the generally forceful expenses year round. Carnations are at present

    being created monetarily in Solan, Shimla, Mandi, Kullu, Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Delhi,

    Gurgaon, Bangalore and Kalimpong. Two or three private cultivators are in like manner exchanging carnations.

    The mid inclines of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Nilgiri

    inclines, Bangalore and Nasik are potential domains for its business advancement.


    • #3
      welcome to the thread moulis, that was very helpful, do you have any idea about the climate and soil requirements for carnation flowers, ultimately the purpose is to achieve a good yield. so what kind of soil and climate does carnation flowers require?


      • #4
        Tamil Nadu and mid slants of Himachal Pradesh are ideal for round-the-year

        improvement of carnation. Since carnation is a quantitative exhausting day plant, it requires sufficient

        light (pretty much 21.5k lux for no under 8hr in a day). The ranges having a day

        temperature of 25°C and a night temperature of 10°C are helpful for awesome carnations.

        The perfect temperature for standard carnation is 18°-23°C. The relative dampness inside

        the nursery should be pretty much 50-60%. In north Indian fields, carnation plants

        should be shaded with 25-50% shading nets to get quality blossoms. Spread carnations can

        continue possibly more sweltering temperature.

        A rich sandy soil or topsoil soil is ideal for its productive advancement. Soils with, higher

        measure of soil or dregs should be adjusted by joining regular matter compost. The pH

        of 6-7 is great. The site picked should be free from weeds, nematodes or soil-borne

        pathogens. Preplant purifying is significant Cleansing with steam, sun or 5% formaline

        should be done


        • #5
          thanks for the info manasa, can you mention the different varieties of carnation flower which are available for cultivation?


          • #6
            how is propagation of carnation flower carried out? a brief answer would be very helpful, thank you


            • #7
              Incessant carnations are expanded vegetatively by stem cuttings while seed

              causing is commonly cleaned in raising plants of margurite carnations and periphery

              carnations furthermore with the final objective of hybridization. Power propagators utilize little scale

              causing for making affliction free plants financially.

              Terminal cuttings (10-15cm) from strong, disease free mother plants are taken and

              cut down 1-2 arrangements of leaves are cleared. There should be no under 3 center points on a cutting. Treat

              them with Bavistan (0.1%) + Dithane M-45 (0.25%) for 5-6 minutes and shake them truly

              to clear the plan and treat the cut completions with NAA (500ppm) for 10-12 seconds. Plant

              cuttings at 3cm x 3cm partition in plate or inducing beds containing purified sand.

              Making is gotten in 25-30 days with manual misting in a polythene chamber.

              In the wake of making, the cuttings should be moved in a setting chamber containing a

              mixture of sand, yard fertilizer, rice structures and blazing stays (1:1:1:1 v/v). Hold the cuttings under

              littler than typical minimized sections of 3m x 1.5m size secured with a layer of hessian material or 50% shading

              net and direct polythene as required. Supply of supplements in the midst of the making period is assuredly not

              critical if the stock plants are kept up at a sufficient level of sustenance. Overhead

              initiation unit is best for getting unpredictable haze and is associated on splendid days at a break

              of 10 seconds out of every 10-15 minutes. Blurring timetable can be balanced for specific

              conditions depending on photoperiod, light compel and stickiness. The cuttings get the opportunity to be

              arranged accessible to be obtained/transplanting into the fields taking after 3 weeks of cementing period.

              Carnations can be multiplied round the year gave temperature inside the

              polyhouse is kept up at 20°C with 75-80% relative sogginess. In winter 100 watt globules can

              be hung 1m over the cuttings, 1.5m divided in the midst of night. Around 15,000 cuttings can be

              suited in a medium-sized gathering of 10m x 4m size. The securing and cementing

              media should be treated with 5% business formalin before planting (one liter of formalin

              in 7 liters of water). In the wake of treating the media with formalin, it should be secured with

              polythene for 7 days. Later on, it must be raked consistently for 10 days to release the formalin


              • #8
                how would you define the growing structure of carnation flower plants?


                • #9
                  The lion's share of the relentless carnations are monetarily grown under certification. These

                  oblige sufficient light and real ventilation. Hence, the design and presentation of the

                  nursery are of magnificent centrality. The nursery should have the edge, veritable north and

                  south, the plants being produced in beds running in the same heading with beds 1-1.2m wide,

                  way 60cm towards the side divider and amidst the beds to bolster working and insurance

                  tasteful air improvement. Poly nursery fitted with fan and pad system can chop down the

                  temperature by 8°-10°C. In any case, top edge and side ventilation furthermore give extraordinary regular air

                  exchange and cut down the temperature. The helpful section 3m x 1.5m x 1.5m are useful for

                  guaranteeing the open harvest in the midst of stormy season to extra from overpowering storms and in the midst of winter to

                  grow the creating temperature


                  • #10
                    Planting timetable is basic to deal with the sprout creation. Under

                    controlled, nursery conditions, carnation could be planted round the year. Generally

                    150-180 days are required from planting to bloom under open conditions. In any case, under

                    secured conditions, its blooms can be gotten inside 120-150 days depending up on the

                    season. The planting done in the midst of mid September-November is ideal for northern fields of

                    India to get flush of carnation blooms from February to April, however October-February

                    planting is suitable for uneven reaches to get blooms in the midst of mid-April-mid-July. In areas having

                    snowfall planting should be done in the midst of Spring April to get blossoms in the midst of Magnificent October.

                    The carnation cuttings-all that much settled, hardened, disease free-should secure from a

                    assumed source. They should be planted on raised beds, 15-20cm over the ground of

                    accommodating size, 1-1.2m in width and 45-60cm path between beds. In high inclines, blossoms may

                    be taken perseveringly for quite a while turn: In the wake of blooming, plants should be pruned or

                    upheld 10-15cm over the soil level. The watering framework should be withheld around 1 week former

                    supporting and the pruned plants should not be immersed again until new shoots show up (a period

                    of 3-4 weeks).

                    Usually, carnations are planted for the most part close to each other 'about cm x 15cm). A

                    scattering of 20cm x 20cm is perfect and considerably more broad dividing, can be used. Partition between

                    the lines of 20cm licenses 5 lines in 1m wide beds. Give or take 75,000 cuttings may be

                    planted in one segment of area domain (1,87 ,000/ha). Air advancement between the plants and shower

                    passageway is upgraded with wide dividing 30cm x 30cm under standard conditions.


                    • #11
                      is pinching of carnation plants necessary? if yes, what are the processes involved in it? what are the different kind of pinching?


                      • #12
                        Pressing or stopping is a discriminating operation in the productive production of worth

                        carnations. It is the snapping off or departure of apical shoot leaving around 5-6 centers on the

                        plants 30-35 days in the wake of planting. Crushing preferably should be done underneath 6th center, following

                        axillary shoots crushed above 6th center produce blooms on more diminutive shoots which is doubtlessly not

                        appealing. To get 5-6 inside and out made parallel shoots/plant it is imperative to crush above 6th

                        center from the base. Starting quite recently makers have here and there allowed the apical shoots to add to a

                        "Crown Bloom" yet this is appealing since it spreads the starting sprouting period. There are 3

                        sorts of crushing systems generally many, many:

                        Single crushing: It is the departure of the essential shoots underneath 6th center to give around 5-6

                        sidelong shoots which convey sprouts. This is done early yield.

                        Crush and an a huge part of: This incorporates single crushing of the essential stem and later when the resulting

                        shoots are sufficiently long (8-10cm or 30-35 days after first crush), an expansive part of the greatest shoots on

                        each plant are crushed. The half crush genuine is the 2 or 3 presses/plant at the later pressing

                        time. Two to three blooms are obtained in first flush and 6-8 in the later flush. This system

                        diminishes the measure of first yield and gives predictable production of blooms with no top


                        Twofold crush: It is the single pressing of the rule shoots underneath 6th center and again the

                        crushing of all laterals when they are 8-10cm long at 2-3 center points give or take 5-6 weeks

                        after first crush. This is generally fulfilled for late c I sting or delaying the blooming period.

                        Generally 8-10 shoots are held. Generally single crush, press and-a-half systems produce

                        incredible quality blooms. Twofold pressing defers the blooming and produces frail shooting


                        • #13
                          what is the flower regulation of carnation plant?


                          • #14
                            The principle goal of a producer is to deliver most extreme number of brilliant quality

                            blooms when the costs are high. Carnations produce, blooms in flushes, as each

                            set of horizontal buds develops and ends in a blossom. An unfaltering supply of blooms from slopes is

                            most gainful amid mid-May-mid. November and December-February from fields. Time

                            of blooming, term of flush and resulting blossom creation may be controlled by the

                            cultivators. Under mid slope states of Himachal Pradesh, blooms can be created all through

                            the year.


                            • #15
                              It is extraordinarily capable for growing stem length, blossom size and early bloom era

                              additionally, should be given with l00 W sparkling handles hung at 1.5 above beds at 1m scattering

                              in the midst of November-January from sunset to dawn when light intensities are poor.

                              Planting time Sprouting time/ Pressing schedules

                              Single Crush and-an a large portion of Twofold press

                              October Walk April Walk ,Iune May ,Iune

                              December May-,Iune May Iuly Ju1y-Excellent

                              February July-Outstanding July-September Famous September

                              April Outstanding September Famous October-November