cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe

DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu

DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala

DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...



What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need?

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  • What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need?

    What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need?

  • #2
    Originally posted by sushma View Post
    What Size Farm Tractor Do I Need?
    The buy of a tractor and related gear is a significant venture. The consequence of shameful size can be exorbitant - a tractor too little can bring about extend periods of time in the field, unreasonable postponements and untimely substitution.

    A tractor too extensive can bring about intemperate working and overhead expenses. It is vital to know how to decide the size and number of tractors required for a ranch operation. The perfect gear ought to get the work finished on time at the most reduced conceivable expense. The measure of the biggest tractor ought to be founded on getting basic, high-strength occupations done inside of a predetermined time period.


    • #3

      Tractors can be isolated into 3 classifications: 2-wheel drive, front-wheel help or unequal 4-wheel drive, and equivalent 4-wheel drive tractors. Every one of these tractors has diverse tire designs and distinctive weight prerequisites.

      Two-Wheel Drive Tractors (2WD) are most usually utilized as a part of dry or upland cultivating circumstances and for transportation. They run in size from 5 HP - 200 HP and need 80% of the weight disseminated over the back hub to amplify footing. The greatest points of interest of this kind of tractor over other 4-wheel tractors are littler turning circle, effortlessness of configuration, less mechanical parts and lower price tag. Be that as it may, a 2WD tractor does not work at all well in wet, bumpy and sloppy conditions.

      Front Wheel Assist (FWA) is generally known as 4WD or unequal 4-wheel drive. It is the most famous 4-wheel tractor in numerous parts of the United States and around the world. These tractors range in size from 5 HP - 240 HP and are fit for conveying between 50-55% of the evaluated power at the drawbar. Ordinarily, somewhere around 75% and 85% of the appraised motor HP is conveyed to a back PTO (Power Take-Off) on any diesel tractor.

      On a FWA tractor the front drive tires are littler than the back tires. These tractors require 40% of the weight conveyed over the front pivot and 60% over the back hub. The significant point of preference in utilizing this kind of tractor is that it can convey 10% more energy to the ground at all 4 tires for the same fuel utilization, and in this way has vastly improved footing and flotation capacities than 2-wheel tractors of the same size. FWA tractors regularly cost around 15-35% more than the same strength two wheel drive tractor.

      Square with Four-Wheel Drive (4WD) tractors have each of the four feels burnt out on equivalent size and range in size from 35 HP - 600 HP. This tractor sort has the best energy to weight proportion and can convey between 55-60% of force at the drawbar. It is trying to move and regularly the size and cost makes these tractors unreasonable.


      • #4
        how to determine the horsepower of a tractor ?


        • #5
          Originally posted by amit View Post
          how to determine the horsepower of a tractor ?

          Pull Defined

          A few terms are utilized by hardware makers to depict the limit of their tractors. The fundamental

          definitions are:

          Torque (HP) - A measure of the rate with which work is finished. By definition one strength is the sum

          of vitality required to move 33,000 pounds a separation of one foot in a period range of one moment or similarly,

          to move 1 pound 33,000 feet in one moment. It is the measure of a machine's capacity to move a heap. Brake Horsepower - The most extreme power the motor can convey without modifications. This figure is especially

          helpful in measuring stationary motors.

          Power-Take-Off-Horsepower (PTO) - The force as decided at the force take-off shaft.

          Draft (Drawbar) Horsepower - The force transmitted by the tractor to the execute. The Nebraska Tractor

          Tests show that greatest drawbar drive will normal roughly 85 percent of the most extreme PTO strength for generally tractors.

          Of the different sorts of strength, greatest PTO torque is the one most regularly utilized as a part of assigning the measure of a tractor. On tractors that don't have a PTO shaft, brake strength, or greatest drawbar hp evaluations might be utilized.


          • #6
            Originally posted by thanasi
            what is minimum horsepower requirement ?
            A proposed methodology for deciding the base drive required is:

            Step 1. Decide the most basic field operation requiring executes with a high draft.

            Step 2. From past encounters, gauge how long are accessible to finish this basic field

            operation. On the off chance that you plan to run a twofold move reasonable about upkeep of the machine and the

            administrator's close to home time.

            Step 3. Ascertain the limit required in sections of land every hour keeping in mind the end goal to take care of business inside of the time


            Step 4. Decide the span of execute required.

            Step 5. Select a tractor of legitimate size to pull the actualize.

            1. Decide draft of execute (Table 2.),

            2. Decide drawbar drive expected to force actualize, and 3. Decide PTO pull required.

            Clearly the most imperative choice is to decide the extent of the biggest tractor. Ordinarily the span of the biggest tractor ought to be founded on getting the basic, high-torque occupations done inside of a predefined time period. It takes after, then, that however much use as could be expected ought to be made of the same tractor for different operations.

            Remember, likewise, that expansive tractors ought to be coordinated with substantial, overwhelming obligation gear to withstand the substantial burdens made by the culturing actualize. By the same token, over-burdening a tractor can prompt genuine mechanical disappointment. This can prompt down time and when a tractor is down, all work connected with that tractor stops.


            • #7
              how to select tractor by size?


              • #8
                Choice OF TRACTOR SIZE

                Utilizing the technique sketched out, we should decide the tractor size required for a particular culturing operation.

                Circumstance: A little homestead with 60 sections of land of sandy soil planted in line crops. Amid the spring five weeks of date-book time is accessible to twice plate the area with a coupled circle harrow preceding planting. The proprietor has 5 days (Saturday's) accessible to set up the area. Number of profitable hours per work day is expected to 8.

                How substantial ought to the tractor and harrow be keeping in mind the end goal to finish the dirt arrangement amid this five week period?


                • #9
                  how to determine the size of the tractor?


                  • #10
                    Originally posted by amit View Post
                    how to determine the size of the tractor?

                    Step 1. Decide the basic high draft culturing operation. In this sample disking preceding planting is that operation.

                    Step 2. Decide accessible time. There are 35 days of logbook time assigned to this employment. Amid this time range, 5 days (40 hours) are assessed to be accessible for field work.

                    Step 3. Decide Field Capacity Needed (Acres every Hour).

                    = TotalAcrestoCover = 60acresxdisktwice =3.0AcresperHr Number of Work Days x Average Hrs every Day 5 Days x 8 Hrs for every Day

                    Step 4. Decide Width of Implement Needed

                    Keeping in mind the end goal to circle 3.0 sections of land for each hour at a rate of 5 mph, a plate of the accompanying least width is required:

                    =10*xAcresperHr =10x3.0AcresperHr =6feet Speed (mph) 5 (mph)

                    A 6 foot plate would be purchased to give an edge to handle limit.

                    * The Factor 10, is utilized to reflect hypothetical limit (1/8.25) of an actualize 1-ft wide, 1 mph, and to reflect 18 % field misfortune for cover, turning misfortune, and different inefficiencies of field work.


                    • #11
                      can you please tell me how to determine speed and tractor size ?


                      • #12
                        Originally posted by sushma View Post
                        can you please tell me how to determine speed and tractor size ?

                        Velocity is a main consideration influencing drive prerequisites. Higher working rates result in more strength expected to perform the occupation.

                        In the case a working rate of 5 mph was utilized. Should the speed be decreased to 3.5 mph, the force prerequisites would be:

                        Drawbar Horsepower (3.5 mph)

                        = 2,208 (lbs. All out Draft) X 3.5 (mph)


                        = 20.6 Drawbar Horsepower

                        PTO Horsepower Required (3.5 mph, Sandy Soil)

                        = 20.6 hp (Drawbar X 2.1) = 43.3 hp (PTO)

                        This is a lessening of 18.5 torque (PTO) required to pull a 6 ft. wide coupled circle harrow. Clearly the execution rate (sections of land every hour) will be lessened by going at a lower pace. In examples where convenience is not a need, a little tractor can be utilized to perform the employment gave satisfactory drawbar force is accessible.


                        • #13
                          how to size tractor according to rotational implement power needs ?


                          • #14
                            Originally posted by prudhvi View Post
                            how to size tractor according to rotational implement power needs ?


                            What is a PTO? - A Power Take Off does precisely what its name infers. It takes a percentage of the force that the tractor's motor makes and uses it to run trimmers, tillers, and any rotational apparatuses joined to a tractor. On most tractors, the PTO is commonly situated at the back of the tractor however tractors can have mid-mount PTOs as with genuine paunch trimmer tractors. On account of a join all the drive produced by the motor is utilized for isolating the grain and to push the machine as PTO pull. The PTO strength required to work the gadget is typically measure on the width or the measure of material the execute must process amid a given time (tons/hour wet premise). Table 2 and 3 give PTO power prerequisites for different executes.