cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe

DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu

DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala

DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...



Dairy farming, information and questions

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  • Dairy farming, information and questions

    hello all, am looking for basic information about terminology of dairy farmings, can you please share them and explain them to me??

  • #2

    BCS Body Condition Scoring

    DMI Dairy Organization, Inc.

    ADT Animal Ailment Traceability

    NDFP National Dairy Farm Program

    NMPF National Milk Producers Collusion

    SOP Standard Working Framework

    TMR Total Mixed Allocate

    USDA United States Branch of Cultivating


    For the reasons of the National Dairy Farm

    Program Animal Thought Instructional booklet, the

    taking after words found in the substance are portrayed

    as takes after:

    Action Mastermind: A formed proposal that perceives an

    area(s) for advancement in animal consideration. It shows

    exercises to roll out the improvement and a timetable for


    Animal Regulator: Arranged workforce careful

    for the thought and welfare of the animals on the

    dairy farm.

    Banding: The usage of an adaptable band to cut

    off blood supply to the scrotum and testicles, which

    over the long haul tumble from the body.1

    Best Practice: An animal consideration tenet, tradition or

    practice that achieves the desired result depicted

    by the relating Organization Plan

    Point. More than one best practice may exist for a

    relating Organization Plan Point.

    Body Condition Scoring (BCS): An average dairy

    practice used to center the feeding status

    of an individual calf or cow, or to survey

    the typical condition for a social affair. Animals are

    surveyed on a 5-point scale, with 1 being to an incredible degree

    pitiful and 5 being significantly fat (see Record A).

    Recreated Calf: An energetic, pregnant dairy animal that

    has not yet imagined her first calf; consistently

    13-to-24 months of age.

    Recreating Bull: A male cow like used for raising.

    Burdizzo: The Burdizzo castration method requires

    the use of a Burdizzo snap to squash the blood

    vessels for 10 seconds, interfering with the supply to

    additionally, annihilating the testicle.

    Castration: The method of clearing or obliteration of

    the testicles.

    Dehorning: Clearing of the horn (using a hot iron,

    Barne's dehorner or gouging) after it has attached to

    the skull (give or take 8 weeks of age).

    Disbudding: A system to stop the improvement of or

    departure of the horn tissue before the horn bud has

    attached to the calf's skull (under 8 weeks of age).

    Dry Bovines: Non-lactating pregnant dairy animals from the

    end of lactation until next parturition. A pregnant

    cow-like is generally dry or non-lactating for a period of

    40-to-60 days preceding the accompanying calving.

    Dystocia: Troublesome origination normally obliging guide

    from the animal watchman.

    End of Life: On-farm death in view of sickness, resolute killing

    then again death at a squeezing house.

    Freemartin Yearling: A sexually imperfect, usually

    clean, female calf twinborn to a male.

    Creating Animals: The season of time between

    weaning and first parturition in the midst of which an

    animal grows through youth and begins to

    approach improvement, give or take from 6 weeks to

    24 months of age. See moreover Raised Yearling, Open Calf

    likewise, Springing Calf.

    ISO-Ensured Association: An association that has gone

    through an affirmation strategy supported by the

    Overall Standards Affiliation (ISO). ISO

    is a general union of national standards

    bodies that makes dependable principles or standards of

    particular points of interest.

    Section point (Open/Close Surgical Mutilation): A

    framework where testicles are cleared completely

    through a passage point through the scrotum.

    Lactating Dairy Cow-like: Any cow like female that has

    had her first calf. 2

    Approved Veterinarian: Approved by one or more state

    sheets of veterinary helpful examiners to practice

    veterinary arrangement inside the specific state(s).

    Depleting Bovines: Dairy animals that are lactating.

    Milk-Supported Dairy Calf: A calf being empowered milk or

    milk replacer.

    Newborn child: The energetic of the neighborhood bovine, from

    origination up until the introductory 48 hours of life.

    Open Calf: A young bull like female that has not

    yet get the chance to be pregnant.

    Tolerant: An animal that gets helpful thought,

    thought or treatment.

    Second-Party Evaluation: An external review of

    on-property animal thought practices on a participating

    property considering the National Dairy Farm Program


    Second-Party Evaluator: An arranged dairy

    capable affirmed by the Property Framework to

    complete on-farm Second-Party Evaluations.

    Special Needs Animals: Crippled, hurt or

    non-portable dairy steers.

    Springing Yearlings: A yearling that is in the last

    trimester of pregnancy.

    Pariah Verifier: A readied and qualified person

    who does not have a beyond reconciliation circumstance in the

    operation or the consequence of the affirmation process.

    Move Bovines: Bovines or yearlings that are

    "transitioning" from the time as of late improvement

    (pregnancy) through the season of in front of calendar lactation,

    that is, around three weeks prior and around three

    weeks in the wake of calving (periparturient period).

    Waste Organization: Organization or treatment of

    manure on the estate.

    Weaned Animal: An energetic calf that is no more

    being energized deplete or milk replacer and has been

    transitioned to eating simply dry nourishment.

    Resolute Misuse of Animals: Acts that

    dangerously cause anguish, mischief or persevering

    checking, yet not limited to: pointlessly applying

    any kind of poke to a sensitive bit of the animal

    (pokes are simply used when animal or human

    wellbeing is in danger, and when in doubt), pernicious

    hitting or beating of an animal, improvement of

    non-strolling controls in a manner clashing

    with National Dairy Farm Project rules,

    drawn out unlucky deficiency of access to reinforce and water, and

    wrong on-farm collect or executing.

    Energetic Stock: Animals from weaning to 20 months

    of age.


    • #3
      can you briefly explain the VETERINARIAN/CLIENT/PATIENT RELATIONSHIP ? how should we carry on this process?


      • #4
        To precisely diagnose, treat and neutralize illness,

        dairy agriculturists make a Veterinarian/Client/Calm

        Relationship (VCPR) with an approved veterinarian.

        According to the American Veterinary Restorative

        Association (2013), a VCPR infers that most of the

        taking after are required:

        a. The veterinarian has acknowledged the commitment with respect to making

        restorative judgments regarding the soundness of the patient and the

        client has agreed to take after the veterinarian's bearings.

        b. The veterinarian has sufficient data of the patient

        to begin in any occasion a general or preparatory determination of

        the restorative condition of the patient. This infers that the

        veterinarian is really acquainted with the keeping and thought

        of the patient by judiciousness of:

        i. an advantageous examination of the patient by the veterinarian, or

        ii. therapeutically fitting and advantageous visits by the veterinarian

        to the operation where the patient is managed.

        c. The veterinarian is quickly open for ensuing appraisal

        then again has engineered the going with:

        i. veterinary emergency scope, and

        ii. continuing with thought and treatment.

        d. The veterinarian gives oversight of treatment, pleasantness

        additionally, come about.

        e. Patient records are kept up.

        A Gathering Wellbeing Game plan is delivered by the dairy agriculturist and

        the group veterinarian. A veterinarian may develop an

        region of animal wellbeing organization fitness and may

        serve as the vital veterinarian for one specific part

        of a dairy farm. For example, there may be one vital

        veterinarian for duplication traditions and another

        vital veterinarian for metabolic issues. A dairy farmer

        should ensure that a VCPR exists with the general group

        veterinarian. A dairy farmer should also consider the

        necessity for a VCPR for additional key veterinarians for

        specific animal wellbeing organization domains when the usage

        of pharmaceuticals is incorporated.


        • #5
          how to maintain Documentation of training for new and existing animal caretakers at least on an annual basis. ?


          • #6
            SOPs are composed directions for different angles

            of creature care on the dairy. The SOPs give

            enough detail to guarantee that every creature guardian

            enabled with a particular creature care task

            (predictable with their set of expectations and preparing)

            can routinely and reliably perform their creature

            care obligations. As a best practice, SOPs are surveyed

            at any rate yearly and redesigned as essential. Best

            practice SOPs incorporate a Crowd Wellbeing Arrangement, and

            address infant administration, food and sustenance

            administration, and non-walking creature

            administration. Test composed SOPs are accessible

            from the Homestead Program.


            • #7
              what is EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS in dairy farming?


              • #8
                Emergency contact information is immediately

                open to address animal care needs developing

                from intriguing circumstances, for instance, a fire or trademark

                disaster, gear frustrations and power dissatisfactions.

                A best practice consolidates blueprints for animal

                watchmen or impermanent help to cover emergencies,

                weekends, events and startling unfortunate inadequacies of

                delegated animal supervisors. Animal watchmen are

                instructed of animal thought wishes and qualified

                to perform named commitments. Posting the names

                likewise, telephone amounts of emergency contacts

                (e.g., swarm boss, proprietor, veterinarian, site

                address, equipment vendors and power association)

                in an observable place in the animal office in

                laborers' neighborhood vernaculars is essential to speed

                correspondences in an emergency


                • #9
                  what ist he best way to manage identification of cattle and how is the record keeping managed?


                  • #10
                    Every creature is forever recognized and an

                    powerful record-keeping framework is utilized for

                    creature consideration and administration choice making.

                    Creature ID and record keeping are

                    discriminating for making essential administration

                    choices about encouraging, gathering, selecting,

                    treating, reproducing and winnowing a creature from

                    the group. Furthermore, nourishment security, outside creature

                    infection dangers and bio/agro-terrorism concerns

                    make reason and individual creature ID

                    a need (IDairy 2009).

                    In 2012, the U.S. Division of Farming (USDA)

                    settled the Creature Malady Traceability (ADT) rules

                    creating general regulations for enhancing the

                    traceability of U.S. animals moving between states

                    (creature ailment traceability standard). Under the ADT

                    last lead, all dairy cows females, paying little respect to age,

                    also, all male dairy cows (counting dairy steers)

                    that are conceived after Walk 11, 2013, will be needed

                    to be formally distinguished (by a gadget or strategy

                    affirmed by USDA) preceding interstate development.

                    Also, all dairy cows moving between states

                    must be joined by an Interstate Declaration

                    of Veterinary Assessment or other documentation as

                    consented to by the accepting state. The Homestead Program

                    prescribes utilizing 840-RFID ear labels, which USDA

                    perceives as an authority recognizable proof gadget for

                    the lifetime of a creature.

                    Powerful record keeping shows agreeability with

                    preparing, stock control, creature recognizable proof,

                    illness anticipation and control, deposit withdrawal

                    furthermore, evasion, and transfer to help dodge risk

                    from deposit pollution or other creature wellbeing

                    concerns. Consistently, it is important to recognize

                    creatures treated with meds or social insurance

                    items. Records are vital for creature

                    traceability in the occasion of a creature illness

                    episode. They may incorporate such things as:

                    • Conception date

                    • Sex

                    • Cause

                    • Proprietor

                    • Area

                    Generation and propagation records help screen

                    a creature's execution and prosperity. Critical

                    administration data may include:

                    • Normal every day weight pick up for yearlings and yearlings

                    • Milk generation and arrangement

                    • Dietary data and history where known

                    • Reproducing dates

                    • Sire ID and calving dates

                    • ID of the calf

                    • Extreme mien of the creature

                    Just as critical creature wellbeing data that

                    may be recorded:

                    • Inoculation dates

                    • Parasite control measures

                    • Blood tests and veterinary medicines, including:

                    • Treatment date(s)

                    • Name of medication(s)

                    • Amount(s) and route(s) of organization

                    • Surgical procedure(s) performed

                    • Condition diagnosed and bei


                    • #11
                      can you briefly explain the care we should give for new born calves?


                      • #12
                        Lacking colostrum affirmation realizes "dissatisfaction of standoffish trade" (FPT). Under best practice, all calves

                        get colostrum or colostrum replacer and are supported in a way that advances wellbeing and reduces the threat

                        of disease. Colostrum quality is exceedingly subject to right on time harvest (inside two hours of calving). Wellbeing

                        is kept up through preventive thought ventures expanded by quick discovering and treatment when

                        central. Animal regulators are sufficiently arranged to take after settled traditions. Calves are given

                        space to stand, rests, get run of the mill resting positions and have visual contact with diverse calves, gave

                        a circumstance that is clean and dry, and protected from periodic atmosphere extremes. Calves are dealt with,

                        moved and transported in a manner that lessens the risk of the potential for damage, hopelessness or illness.


                        • #13
                          what is the nutrition requirement for a new born calve?


                          • #14
                            All calves get colostrum or colostrum

                            replacer not long after conception, regardless of the possibility that promptly

                            transported off the ranch.

                            Calves get a volume and nature of milk or

                            milk replacer to look after wellbeing, development and power

                            until weaned or showcased.

                            Calves have admittance to acceptable, clean, new

                            water as important to keep up fitting hydration.

                            Calves are offered new, acceptable starter food.

                            Distinguished creature overseers are prepared in

                            calf care nourishing prerequisites, including utilization

                            of esophageal tube feeders and other nourishing



                            • #15
                              how to feed milk to a new born calves and what is the nutrient substitute for the calves as the grow old?