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cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe


DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
 

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
 

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala


DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
 

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...
 

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...

cultivation of holy and its uses

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  • cultivation of holy basil and its uses

    BOTANICAL NAME: Ocimum sanctum L.
    FAMILY: Labiatae / Lamiaceae
    LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
    English: Holy Basil, Sacred Basil
    Sanskrit: Tulasi, Vishnu-priya, Divya
    Hindi: Tulsi
    Tamil: Thulasi
    Malayalam: Tulasi
    Kanada: Tulasi

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    DESCRIPTION: Ocimum sanctum L. is an evergreen and strongly aromatic plant. It is erect with soft hairy foliage that is generally green to purplish in colour. It has small pinkish-purple flowers in terminal spikes. It grows up to 75cm in height.

    DISTRIBUTION: This herb is widely distributed throughout the entire Indian subcontinent up to 1800 metres in the Himalayas as well as throughout India and Pakistan.

    PROPAGATION: By both seed and vegetative methods. It is a hardy plant that can withstand a lack of water for days at a time. However, if kept potted (as in many households) it will require watering at least every two days.

    CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: Phenols, aldehydes, tannins, saponins and fats. Essential oils are mainly eugenol (71%), eugenol methyl ether (20%) and carvacrol (3%). The leaves also contain ascorbic acid. ACTIONS: Expectorant, stomachic, stimulant, antiperiodic, anti-catarrhal, diaphoretic, aromatic, vermifuge, expectorant, demulcent, mucilaginous, digestive, bitter. Tulsi leaves have properties similar to the currently available anti-TB drugs, like Streptomycin and Isoniazide .


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    TRADITIONAL USES: It is grown in many homes throughout India as it is considered to be a very sacred plant; its leaves are offered to the lord Vishnu, the preserver of the universe. It is thought that it provides divine protection for the household. Rosaries are also made from its cut stems which are be used as meditation beads. The name Tulsi translates to "the incomparable one". Tulasi is considered to be the meeting point of heaven and earth. Leaves – for coughs, colds, respiratory, eye problems, fever Leaves & seeds – urinary disorders Roots – malarial fever All parts (including roots) – snake bite It is also cultivated for its oil.

    TRADITIONAL RECIPES: Not only is Ocimum sanctum L. worshiped every morning and evening as a diurnal ritual in many Hindu households, is also used for the treatment of approximately 32 different medical conditions. There are many household recipes that are used on a daily basis and these all vary not only between regions but also from village to village. It is considered to be a major herb in the traditional materia medica, widely known by most people. The Ayurvedic, Siddah and Unani systems also make frequent use of Ocimum sanctum L.

    COLDS AND FLU It is sold by the ITWWS in powdered form as a Family Tea “which will recharge all your cells and effectively cure coughs, fever and colds” as well as being very good for throat conditions. They recommend infusing half a teaspoon in a cup of boiling water. Milk and sugar can be added if required. Other organisations suggest the addition of honey or jaggery (unrefined sugar) rather than the processed sugar. Chewing Tulsi leaves is recommended during a cold. During the rainy season, when malaria and dengue fever are widely prevalent, tender leaves, boiled as a tea, help to act as a preventive . A decoction of the leaves, Eugenia caryophyllus (cloves) and salt also gives immediate relief in case of influenza. It should be boiled in half a litre of water until it reduces by half . Leaves are crushed with onion bulbs and the juice is taken orally to treat cough, cold and headache .


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    FEVER Tulsi leaf can be combined with Leucas aspera (Tumbai) leaf and Piper nigrum (black pepper) power and taken two teaspoons at a time [6]. The juice of Tulsi leaves can be used to bring down fever – juice of the leaves should be taken every two to three hours in fresh water. Additional sips can be taken at any time. It is every effective in bringing down the temperature in children. In case of acute fevers, a decoction of the leaves boiled with powdered Eletauria cardamonum (cardamom) in half a litre of water, mixed with sugar and milk can help to bring down the temperature.

    EARS Up to 5 drops of Tulsi juice in the ear in every 3 to 5 hrs can give relief and also remove mild infections.

    EYES Basil juice is an effective remedy for sore eyes and night-blindness, which is generally caused by deficiency of vitamin A. This is important considering many villages do not have lighting and they do have snakes, particularly at night. Two drops of basil juice should be put into the eyes daily at bedtime .

    MOUTH The leaves, chewed can help infections in the mouth, including ulcers. Basil leaves combined with Lycopersicum esculentum (Tomato) juice is effective for the treatment of mouth ulcers . TEETH Dried leaf can be used as tooth powder or mixed with Brassica alba or B. nigra (mustard) oil to make a paste and used as toothpaste. These are be used to reduce pain .


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    RESPIRATORY A spoonful of a mixture of Basil juice, Zingiber officinale (ginger) juice and Honey can be helpful to those with asthma. For chronic sufferers of asthma and bronchitis, a spoonful of Basil juice with Momordica charantia (Bitter gourd) juice, taken every night for one month can help .

    COUGHS Tulasi leaves can be mixed with Piper nigrum (black pepper) powder, and then made into a decoction to help reduce coughs . Leaves are expectorant in chronic cough, especially in children, and are given mixed with honey They can also be used in catarrh and bronchitis.

    SORE THROAT Tea made just with basil leaves can be taken as a drink in case of a sore throat, sipped and gargled . SKIN In cases of skin rashes, generally thought to be an allergic reaction a poultice of Tulsi leaves can be applied. This will reduce the inflammation and itching. Applied locally, basil juice is beneficial in the treatment of ringworm .

    For spots, boils and pimples, Basil can be crushed with Mentha arvensis (mint) and Citrus limon (lemon) juice and applied over the affected areas . The leaves can be applied to the skin in ring-worm and other skin diseases.
    HEADACHES A decoction of the leaves can be given internally for headaches whilst the leaves mixed with Santalum album (sandalwood) paste can be applied on the forehead to provide relief .
    SNAKE AND INSECT BITES The juice of the whole herb is considered a very good antidote for insect, snake, leech and scorpion bites. This is taken both internally as well as applied to the affected area and should be repeated every two or three hours. Fresh roots are ground with water and applied to stings and bites of insects and leeches. Oil of Tulsi has been used as a potent anti-malarial drug. A decoction of the root can be used in malarial fevers because of its action on the liver . It is also thought to have mosquito repellent properties. Bruised plant can be applied to the bites of mosquitoes for relief.
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    • cultivation of pomegranate and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
      FAMILY: Punicacae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Pomegranate
      Sanskrit: Dadima
      Hindi: Anar
      Tamil: Maadhulai
      Malayalam: Matalam
      Kanada: Daalimbe


      DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
      02-17-2016, 01:04 PM
    • cultivation of holy basil and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Ocimum sanctum L.
      FAMILY: Labiatae / Lamiaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Holy Basil, Sacred Basil
      Sanskrit: Tulasi, Vishnu-priya, Divya
      Hindi: Tulsi
      Tamil: Thulasi
      Malayalam: Tulasi
      Kanada: Tulasi



      DESCRIPTION: Ocimum sanctum L. is an evergreen and strongly aromatic plant. It is erect with soft hairy foliage that is generally green to purplish in colour. It has small pinkish-purple...
      02-17-2016, 12:43 PM
    • cultivation of curry leaf and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
      FAMILY: Rutaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Curry leaf
      Sanskrit: Surabhi
      Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
      Tamil: Karuvempu
      Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


      DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
      02-17-2016, 12:34 PM
    • cultivation of henna herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Lawsonia inermis L.
      FAMILY: Lythraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Henna
      Sanskrit: Madayantika
      Hindi: Mehendi
      Tamil: Maruthani
      Malayalam: Mayilanji
      Kanada: Goranti


      DESCRIPTION: Lawsonia inermis L. is a large shrub, usually 1-2m high, occasionally 4m with many dense angular branches. The tips frequently have sharp spikes. The flowers are small and cream in colour. The smell is fragrant....
      02-17-2016, 12:24 PM
    • cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
      FAMILY: Malvaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
      Sanskrit: Japapuspa
      Hindi: Jasund
      Tamil: Semparuthi
      Malayalam: Ayamparutti
      Kanada: Dasavala


      DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
      02-16-2016, 08:13 AM
    • cultivation of False daisy herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Eclipta alba L.
      FAMILY: Asteraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Trailing eclipta, False daisy
      Sanskrit: Bhringraj
      Hindi: Bhrangraj
      Tamil: Karisaalai
      Malayalam: Kannuni
      Kanada: Garuga


      DESCRIPTION: A perennial herb usually found spreading easily in moist grounds. The branches are hairy, reddish brown and can grow up to 40 cm high. The roots are found growing at the thickened nodal points....
      02-16-2016, 08:03 AM

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