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cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe


DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
 

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
 

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala


DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
 

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...
 

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...

cultivation of henna herb and its uses

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  • cultivation of henna herb and its uses

    BOTANICAL NAME: Lawsonia inermis L.
    FAMILY: Lythraceae
    LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
    English: Henna
    Sanskrit: Madayantika
    Hindi: Mehendi
    Tamil: Maruthani
    Malayalam: Mayilanji
    Kanada: Goranti
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    DESCRIPTION: Lawsonia inermis L. is a large shrub, usually 1-2m high, occasionally 4m with many dense angular branches. The tips frequently have sharp spikes. The flowers are small and cream in colour. The smell is fragrant. The fruits are globose capsules, which produce abundant seeds.
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    DISTRIBUTION: Grows wild all over India as well as Syria and Egypt. It prefers drier conditions and so is commercially cultivated in many areas including Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan. It is often cultivated in order to use as a hedge. It can also be grown in medium sized pots.
    PROPAGATION: Lawsonia inermis L. can be propagated through both vegetative and seed methods. The plant is frequently spread through the digestive processes of birds. It requires a temperature of above 11°C to thrive and between 35°C and 45°C to yield the highest quality dye.

    CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: Whole plant – b-coumarin, laxanthone-l, laxanthone-ll, laxanthone-lll. Leaves – luteolin, lutcolin-7-0-glucoside, acacetin-7-0-glucoside, b-sitosterol, lawsone, hennotinic acid, napthaquinon. Bark – n-triacontyl-n, b-sitosterl, lupeol, 30-norlupan-3b-ol-20-one, betulin, betulinic acid, hennadiol, bihdroxylupane. Seeds – behemic acid, arachidic acid, stearic acid, palmitic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid.

    ACTIONS: Astringent, anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, antibacterial, depurative, diureatic, emetic, expectorant, febrifuge, refrigerant, styptic, vulnerary. The roots are abortifacient, emmenagogue. The flowers are also cardio tonic, nervine, soporific and tonic.


    TRADITIONAL USES:

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    Henna is not a sacred plant as such, but it is believed to symbolise prosperity, fertility and happiness. It is widely used in a variety of religious and social ceremonies in India. At weddings, the bride’s hand is decorated with henna. It is thought that the deeper the henna colour, the deeper the love brides will receive from their in-laws. Lawsonia inermis L. can also be used as a dye for both hair and textiles.

    TRADITIONAL RECIPES: Henna is used in all of the traditional Indian systems of medicine to treat a wide range of common ailments including headaches, burns, and bruises.

    EYES Mix the juice of the leaves with breast milk and castor oil and use 2 drops in the eyes to relieve a burning sensation . Bandaging a crushed leaf to the foot will prevent small pox affecting the eyes .

    FEET When there is a burning sensation in the feet, apply leaf juice to the feet twice daily to the sore area until the feet are back to normal .

    FUNGAL INFECTIONS Grind the leaves to make a paste and apply to affected areas twice daily for up to 6 days .

    MENSTRUAL DISORDERS For leucorrhoea, use the leaf juice, taking 6 teaspoons on an empty stomach twice daily for 10 days. For menorrhagia use the leaf juice, taking 2-3 teaspoons twice daily before meals for three days during menstruation. Continue for three consecutive cycles . A decoction of the leaves can be used as a douche to help fungal infections .

    MALE DISORDERS For Spermatorrhoea or involuntary ejaculation, take 1 teaspoon of juiced leaves in warm water (or milk) with sugar . A dose of 8-10g leaves taken daily can be used in “mans sexual diseases”.

    FEET Applying a paste made from the leaves and vinegar can help a burning sensation in the feet, alternatively rubbing with the leaves may also produce relief . Use of the roots is another option, crushed and applied directly .

    THROAT A sore throat will benefit from the use of a mouthwash and gargle made from a leaf infusion

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    HEAD AND HAIR Henna is used both as a dye and also as a tonic to promote healthy growth. Headaches can be relieved through direct application of the leaves to the head. Alternatively a paste of the flowers may be applied . Heat 60g of powdered leaves in 250g of mustard oil. Strain and use regularly as a hair tonic to promote growth and prevent grey and balding .

    BRUISES Infusions from the flowers as well as the leaves can be used effectively for reducing bruises. Apply either as a poultice or bathe with an infusion .

    BURNS, CUTS AND WOUNDS Lawsonia inermis L. leaf powder is mixed with coconut oil and applied topically to treat cuts and wounds . It is applied to burns in the form of a decoction.

    SLEEP The flowers are soporific and are placed in pillows to aid sleep.

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    • cultivation of pomegranate and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
      FAMILY: Punicacae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Pomegranate
      Sanskrit: Dadima
      Hindi: Anar
      Tamil: Maadhulai
      Malayalam: Matalam
      Kanada: Daalimbe


      DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
      02-17-2016, 01:04 PM
    • cultivation of holy basil and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Ocimum sanctum L.
      FAMILY: Labiatae / Lamiaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Holy Basil, Sacred Basil
      Sanskrit: Tulasi, Vishnu-priya, Divya
      Hindi: Tulsi
      Tamil: Thulasi
      Malayalam: Tulasi
      Kanada: Tulasi



      DESCRIPTION: Ocimum sanctum L. is an evergreen and strongly aromatic plant. It is erect with soft hairy foliage that is generally green to purplish in colour. It has small pinkish-purple...
      02-17-2016, 12:43 PM
    • cultivation of curry leaf and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
      FAMILY: Rutaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Curry leaf
      Sanskrit: Surabhi
      Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
      Tamil: Karuvempu
      Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


      DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
      02-17-2016, 12:34 PM
    • cultivation of henna herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Lawsonia inermis L.
      FAMILY: Lythraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Henna
      Sanskrit: Madayantika
      Hindi: Mehendi
      Tamil: Maruthani
      Malayalam: Mayilanji
      Kanada: Goranti


      DESCRIPTION: Lawsonia inermis L. is a large shrub, usually 1-2m high, occasionally 4m with many dense angular branches. The tips frequently have sharp spikes. The flowers are small and cream in colour. The smell is fragrant....
      02-17-2016, 12:24 PM
    • cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
      FAMILY: Malvaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
      Sanskrit: Japapuspa
      Hindi: Jasund
      Tamil: Semparuthi
      Malayalam: Ayamparutti
      Kanada: Dasavala


      DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
      02-16-2016, 08:13 AM
    • cultivation of False daisy herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Eclipta alba L.
      FAMILY: Asteraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Trailing eclipta, False daisy
      Sanskrit: Bhringraj
      Hindi: Bhrangraj
      Tamil: Karisaalai
      Malayalam: Kannuni
      Kanada: Garuga


      DESCRIPTION: A perennial herb usually found spreading easily in moist grounds. The branches are hairy, reddish brown and can grow up to 40 cm high. The roots are found growing at the thickened nodal points....
      02-16-2016, 08:03 AM

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