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cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe


DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
 

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
 

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala


DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
 

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...
 

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...

cultivation of False daisy herb and its uses

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  • cultivation of False daisy herb and its uses

    BOTANICAL NAME: Eclipta alba L.
    FAMILY: Asteraceae
    LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
    English: Trailing eclipta, False daisy
    Sanskrit: Bhringraj
    Hindi: Bhrangraj
    Tamil: Karisaalai
    Malayalam: Kannuni
    Kanada: Garuga
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    DESCRIPTION: A perennial herb usually found spreading easily in moist grounds. The branches are hairy, reddish brown and can grow up to 40 cm high. The roots are found growing at the thickened nodal points. The leaves are opposite, lance like with a toothed edge and hairy. When the leaves are cut with iron knife, it turns the sap black. The flowers are white, small and arranged in small clusters. The flowering stalk arises from the axis of the leaf. The dry fruit is formed by fusion of two carpels, which do not break open and each has just one seed.
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    DISTRIBUTION:
    Eclipta alba L. occurs throughout the whole of India. It is common in waste places, marshy lands, hedges and roadsides, particularly in the more tropical parts of the country. It is also found in other eastern counties including Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Nepal and Malaysia where it grows well in clay and moist ground-bunds, paddy fields, water courses, tanks, both in the plains and the hilly regions.

    PROPAGATION: Eclipta alba L. is usually propagated by seed. The seeds are pre-treated by soaking in water for 24 hours before being sown in raised beds. If the seeds are sown during the rainy season, care has to be taken to avoid water logging which will damage the seedlings. At other times the seeds may be sown in sunken beds. Germination takes at least one week with a general success rate of up to 90 %. The seedlings can then be transplanted when they are at four-leaf stage. Adequate watering is essential but excess watering should be avoided.


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    CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: Coumestans, Wadelolactone, diemethyl wadelolactone, Thiophene derivatives, Triterpenoids, Alkaloids, Ecliptine, Nicotine, Apigenin, Bi & trithienyl, Cynaroside (flavone), Dithiophene, Thiophene, Triterpenes ACTIONS: Anti-bacterial, Anti-viral, Analgesic, Anti-pyretic, Anti-hepatotoxic, Anti-hyperglycemic, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-diarrhoeal, Anti-tumor, Anti-convulsant, Anti-hypercholestrol, Cardiovascular, Hypotensive, Smooth Muscle Relaxant, Spasmolytic.

    TRADITIONAL USES: Eclipta alba L. is considered to be one of the Hindu’s “Ten Auspicious Flowers” and as such it is used by Hindu’s in ceremonies to pay respect to a recently deceased person. Eclipta alba L. has been traditionally used for blackening, promoting hair growth and strengthening the hair. It is believed by some people that if is taken internally as well as applied externally the hair will eventually hair black. As a dye it has also been used in tattoos.

    TRADITIONAL RECIPES: It has been used in the treatment of many conditions including leprosy, and for increasing sexual vigour. The fresh plant has been applied with sesame oil for the treatment of elephantiasis

    FUNGAL INFECTIONS Grind the whole plant into a paste and apply to affected areas. Wash off after 45 minutes. Repeat this treatment for on week .

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    DIGESTIVE For flatulence due to indigestion grind together equal quantities of Allium sativum L., Piper nigrum L. and Eclipta alba L. leaf. Take twice daily in . For the treatment of jaundice grind equal quantities of Phyllanthus niruri L. and Eclipta alba L. with goats milk. Take 5-10g twice daily with buttermilk.

    LIVER The roots have been used as a substitute for Taraxacum officinalis L. as a liver tonic.

    HEAD AND HAIR Eclipta alba L. can help relieve headaches when applied externally with oil. Leaves along with the seeds of Foeniculum vulgare L. are boiled in coconut oil and the oil extract is applied on the head daily in the morning hours for a week to treat dandruff .

    RINGWORM The leaf paste is used to treat the ringworm infection .

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    • cultivation of pomegranate and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
      FAMILY: Punicacae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Pomegranate
      Sanskrit: Dadima
      Hindi: Anar
      Tamil: Maadhulai
      Malayalam: Matalam
      Kanada: Daalimbe


      DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
      02-17-2016, 01:04 PM
    • cultivation of holy basil and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Ocimum sanctum L.
      FAMILY: Labiatae / Lamiaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Holy Basil, Sacred Basil
      Sanskrit: Tulasi, Vishnu-priya, Divya
      Hindi: Tulsi
      Tamil: Thulasi
      Malayalam: Tulasi
      Kanada: Tulasi



      DESCRIPTION: Ocimum sanctum L. is an evergreen and strongly aromatic plant. It is erect with soft hairy foliage that is generally green to purplish in colour. It has small pinkish-purple...
      02-17-2016, 12:43 PM
    • cultivation of curry leaf and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
      FAMILY: Rutaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Curry leaf
      Sanskrit: Surabhi
      Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
      Tamil: Karuvempu
      Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


      DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
      02-17-2016, 12:34 PM
    • cultivation of henna herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Lawsonia inermis L.
      FAMILY: Lythraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Henna
      Sanskrit: Madayantika
      Hindi: Mehendi
      Tamil: Maruthani
      Malayalam: Mayilanji
      Kanada: Goranti


      DESCRIPTION: Lawsonia inermis L. is a large shrub, usually 1-2m high, occasionally 4m with many dense angular branches. The tips frequently have sharp spikes. The flowers are small and cream in colour. The smell is fragrant....
      02-17-2016, 12:24 PM
    • cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
      FAMILY: Malvaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
      Sanskrit: Japapuspa
      Hindi: Jasund
      Tamil: Semparuthi
      Malayalam: Ayamparutti
      Kanada: Dasavala


      DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
      02-16-2016, 08:13 AM
    • cultivation of False daisy herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Eclipta alba L.
      FAMILY: Asteraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Trailing eclipta, False daisy
      Sanskrit: Bhringraj
      Hindi: Bhrangraj
      Tamil: Karisaalai
      Malayalam: Kannuni
      Kanada: Garuga


      DESCRIPTION: A perennial herb usually found spreading easily in moist grounds. The branches are hairy, reddish brown and can grow up to 40 cm high. The roots are found growing at the thickened nodal points....
      02-16-2016, 08:03 AM

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