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cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe


DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
 

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
 

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala


DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
 

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...
 

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...

cultivation of pennywort herb and its uses

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  • cultivation of pennywort herb and its uses

    BOTANICAL NAME: Centella asiatica L. (Hydrocotyle asiatica)
    FAMILY: Hydrocotyle
    LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
    English: Indian pennywort
    Sanskrit: Mandukparni
    Hindi: Brihmi
    Tamil: Valarei
    Malayalam: Kutannal Kanada: Ondelaga
    Click image for larger version

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    DESCRIPTION: Centella asiatica L. is a small, perennial trailing creeper.
    It has slender, prostrate stems and branches that root at the joints creating new plants. Leaves emerge from nodes and are orbicular, kidney shaped and yellow-green in colour.
    The flowers have a single umbel with 1-5 small white or reddish flowers without stalks.
    The fruits are small, flat circular compressed and hard.
    DISTRIBUTION: Centella asiatica L. is indigenous to India, Sri Lanka, China and Northern Australia.
    It is found in moist areas such as riverbanks and marshes.
    It is often referred to as Gotu Kola. PROPAGATION:

    Propagation is by seeds and vegetative methods.
    Rootstocks grow vertically downwards into the water.
    In shallow water it will send out floating roots. It matures quickly and can be harvested within three months.
    As an aquatic plant, it is sensitive to pollutants and is therefore easily contaminated. The trailing stems are easily used for propagation. CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: Glycosides (including asiaticoside which is used in the treatment of leprosy , triterpene acids, amino acids, vitamin, C.olligosacharide, centellose, hydrocotylene, stimasterol, indocentoic acid, bicycloelemene, kaempferol;phellandrene, b-sitosterol, palmitic acid, stearic acid, linamarase, triterpenoid trsaccharide.

    Click image for larger version

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    ACTIONS: Antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antifebrile, antidote, antiprotic, alterative, antiphilitic, diuretic, galactagogue.


    TRADITIONAL USES: There is a legend about this plant that says if a Bengal tiger injures itself, it will waltz into an area of
    Centella asiatica L. and devour the leaves, the sap healing its wounds.
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    Based on this legend, Centella Asiatica L. is also known as Tiger Grass. Centella asiatica L. is known for its ability to enhance mental ability and is often refered to as food for the brain.
    Centella asiatica L. has had many uses over the centuries, including gastro-intestinal disturbances; menstrual disorders and general wound healing.
    It has been used in ointment form for the treatment of elephantiasis and enlarged scrotum, and has a reputation as a remedy for leprosy.

    TRADITIONAL RECIPES: FEVER Make a decoction of 50g each of Centella asiatica L. and Ocimum sanctum L. in 250ml of water. Boil until is it reduced by half. Then take . cup three times daily, adding a pinch of Piper nigrum L. [3]. URINARY For acute cystitis extract the juice from the green shoots of the plant. Take 3 teaspoons with honey three times daily for one week.

    The leaves can be used as a diuretic.

    MENTAL HEALTH Make a decoction of the whole plant in milk. Drink one cup each evening before going to bed for up to three weeks . Or use 5g dried powder in 200ml milk twice a day . Both are said to improve memory.


    DIGESTIVE For dysentery take 4 leaves with Cuminum cyminum L. and sugar.

    TEETH Centella asiatica L. can be mixed with Mangifera indica (mango) leaves, Psidium spp. (guava) leaves, Eugenia caryophyllus L. (cloves), Piper longum (pepper) and salt to make a toothpowder that will protect both the teeth and gums. SPEECH Up to 5 leaves taken daily with water will aid children’s pronunciation .
    The leaves are also given to cure stuttering.

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    • cultivation of pomegranate and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
      FAMILY: Punicacae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Pomegranate
      Sanskrit: Dadima
      Hindi: Anar
      Tamil: Maadhulai
      Malayalam: Matalam
      Kanada: Daalimbe


      DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
      02-17-2016, 01:04 PM
    • cultivation of holy basil and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Ocimum sanctum L.
      FAMILY: Labiatae / Lamiaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Holy Basil, Sacred Basil
      Sanskrit: Tulasi, Vishnu-priya, Divya
      Hindi: Tulsi
      Tamil: Thulasi
      Malayalam: Tulasi
      Kanada: Tulasi



      DESCRIPTION: Ocimum sanctum L. is an evergreen and strongly aromatic plant. It is erect with soft hairy foliage that is generally green to purplish in colour. It has small pinkish-purple...
      02-17-2016, 12:43 PM
    • cultivation of curry leaf and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
      FAMILY: Rutaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Curry leaf
      Sanskrit: Surabhi
      Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
      Tamil: Karuvempu
      Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


      DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
      02-17-2016, 12:34 PM
    • cultivation of henna herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Lawsonia inermis L.
      FAMILY: Lythraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Henna
      Sanskrit: Madayantika
      Hindi: Mehendi
      Tamil: Maruthani
      Malayalam: Mayilanji
      Kanada: Goranti


      DESCRIPTION: Lawsonia inermis L. is a large shrub, usually 1-2m high, occasionally 4m with many dense angular branches. The tips frequently have sharp spikes. The flowers are small and cream in colour. The smell is fragrant....
      02-17-2016, 12:24 PM
    • cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
      FAMILY: Malvaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
      Sanskrit: Japapuspa
      Hindi: Jasund
      Tamil: Semparuthi
      Malayalam: Ayamparutti
      Kanada: Dasavala


      DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
      02-16-2016, 08:13 AM
    • cultivation of False daisy herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Eclipta alba L.
      FAMILY: Asteraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Trailing eclipta, False daisy
      Sanskrit: Bhringraj
      Hindi: Bhrangraj
      Tamil: Karisaalai
      Malayalam: Kannuni
      Kanada: Garuga


      DESCRIPTION: A perennial herb usually found spreading easily in moist grounds. The branches are hairy, reddish brown and can grow up to 40 cm high. The roots are found growing at the thickened nodal points....
      02-16-2016, 08:03 AM

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