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cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe


DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
 

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
 

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala


DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
 

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...
 

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...

cultivation of aloe vera and its uses

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  • cultivation of aloe vera and its uses

    BOTANICAL NAME: Aloe vera L.
    FAMILY: Asphodelaceaea
    LOCAL NAMES:
    English: Aloe vera
    Sanskrit: Kumari
    Hindi: Ghi-kunvar

    Tamil: Soththu kathalai Malayalam: Kattarvazha Kanada: Lolesara
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    DESCRIPTION: This is a succulent, stemless plant that has very thick fleshy, often spiky leaves forming rosettes at its base. The leaves are often crowded with prickles along the edges. They are approximately 45-60cm long tapering to a blunt point, pale green with irregular white blotches. The flowers are formed in clusters on long stems and are either yellow or red. DISTRIBUTION: Aloe vera L. originated in North Africa, but was introduced to India in the 15th century. It can now be found growing wild in coastal areas on south India and it is cultivated all over the country. It is also popular in the West as a houseplant. PROPAGATION: This herb is easily propagated through use of the prolific suckers.
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    CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: The whole plant - aloe-emodin, anthraquinone glycoside (aloen), barbaloin, chrysophanol glucoside, isobarbaloin, aloesin, aloesone, emodian, manose, galactose, zylose, arabinose, steroids, organic acids, enzymes, aminoacids, saponins, minerals and hormones. The mucilage of the leaves - glucose, galactose, mannose and galacturonic acid in addition to an unidentified aldopentose and a protein with 18 amino acids. Chemical analysis has revealed that the gel also contains minerals, vitamins, enzymes, proteins, polysaccharides and hormones. ACTIONS: Bitter, anthelmintic, aperient, antibacterial, carminative, cooling, depurative, diuretic, emmenagogue, ophthalmic, purgative, stomachic. TRADITIONAL USES: Aloe vera L.is often used interchangeably with A. barbadensis L. It’s use as a medicine is ancient, perhaps to the 4th century BC. Aloes are identified as the ancient " Ghrit Kumari" of the Vedas.


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    TRADITIONAL RECIPES: HEADACHE
    50gm of the leaves are mixed with Triticum aestivum (wheat) powder, roll into small balls and keep in a pot for 2-3 days. A ball is taken once a day to relieve the pain.
    Mix 2 pinches of dried Aloe vera L. leaf pulp with 2 pinches of Curuma longa powder in a . cup of water and drink to relieve headaches manifesting at the back of the head .

    SKIN CONDITIONS Powdered Curcuma longa (turmeric) mixed with Aloe vera L. gel can be made into a paste and applied to spots and pimples, inflamed and infected skin problems including scabies and fungal infestation, and infected wounds. It is very successful in the treatment of acne, eczema and psoriasis although care has to be taken with the amount of turmeric used because it can colour the skin yellow .

    A mixture of Aloe vera L. with honey can be used to treat boils, growths and ulcers. 1. teaspoons should be taken daily fifteen minutes before eating. MUSCULAR Mixed with Curcuma longa L. and honey, Aloe vera L. gel, has been used traditionally to treat sprains, strains and bruises .

    Tender gel can be eaten to treat rheumatism, although it might benefit from the addition of honey.

    DIGESTIVE For constipation mix 2 pinches of dried Aloe vera L. leaf pulp with 2 pinches of Curcuma longa L. powder in a . cup of water and drink each day for up to 4 days .
    For heart burn, take 2 teaspoons of juice four times a day. For ulcers, take up to . cup of Aloe vera L. juice twice daily for one month. URINARY Cystitis - three teaspoons of freshly squeezed juice taken three times daily for one week [5]. COUGH Fry 2 teaspoons of fresh gel in . teaspoon of ghee (clarified butter). This should be taken with sugar three times daily for three days .
    CUTS, SORES AND BURNS Apply Aloe vera L. gel to minor cuts and scrapes to help draw out any infection, soothe pain, and prevent scarring.

    The pulp can be applied directly to the burn site until it has healed .
    If applied after the burn has cooled, it will alleviate pain and inflammation. The gel places a protective coat over the affected area, speeding up the rate of healing and reducing the risk of infection. EYES The gel of Aloe vera L. can be applied to the eyelid (and may be bandaged in place if required) for up to three days to reduce redness, inflammation and sore eyes .

    INSECT BITES Applying Aloe vera L. gel on it’s own to an insect bite can help much in the same way as with cuts and sores. Powdered Curcuma longa L. mixed with water or Aloe vera L. gel can be made into a paste and applied to insect bites. MENSTRUAL DISORDERS For dysmenorrhoea, particularly with pain, wash 100g of the leaves, cleaning and removing the gel. Mix together with 10g sugar or jaggery.

    Take one teaspoon for the first 3 days of the period and repeat for the following two cycles. The same recipe is used for excessive bleeding
    and also well as scanty menstruation .
    For irregular menstruation use the pulp from three leaves, heated until it becomes thick and brown (preferably in a brass cooking pot). Take 1 teaspoon of this paste twice daily for 7 days starting one week prior to the expected menstruation .

    For leucorrhoea 4 teaspoons of juice should be mixed into 100ml of curd (yoghurt) and left overnight. Take . in the morning and the rest in the evening, and then continue for 5 days .

    HAIR The gel is mixed with gingelly (Sesamum indicum) oil and heated. The mixture is applied directly on the hair to promote growth .

    SLEEP To aid a good night’s sleep use the same mixture for hair growth applying it in the same way .

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    • cultivation of pomegranate and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
      FAMILY: Punicacae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Pomegranate
      Sanskrit: Dadima
      Hindi: Anar
      Tamil: Maadhulai
      Malayalam: Matalam
      Kanada: Daalimbe


      DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
      02-17-2016, 01:04 PM
    • cultivation of holy basil and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Ocimum sanctum L.
      FAMILY: Labiatae / Lamiaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Holy Basil, Sacred Basil
      Sanskrit: Tulasi, Vishnu-priya, Divya
      Hindi: Tulsi
      Tamil: Thulasi
      Malayalam: Tulasi
      Kanada: Tulasi



      DESCRIPTION: Ocimum sanctum L. is an evergreen and strongly aromatic plant. It is erect with soft hairy foliage that is generally green to purplish in colour. It has small pinkish-purple...
      02-17-2016, 12:43 PM
    • cultivation of curry leaf and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
      FAMILY: Rutaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Curry leaf
      Sanskrit: Surabhi
      Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
      Tamil: Karuvempu
      Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


      DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
      02-17-2016, 12:34 PM
    • cultivation of henna herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Lawsonia inermis L.
      FAMILY: Lythraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Henna
      Sanskrit: Madayantika
      Hindi: Mehendi
      Tamil: Maruthani
      Malayalam: Mayilanji
      Kanada: Goranti


      DESCRIPTION: Lawsonia inermis L. is a large shrub, usually 1-2m high, occasionally 4m with many dense angular branches. The tips frequently have sharp spikes. The flowers are small and cream in colour. The smell is fragrant....
      02-17-2016, 12:24 PM
    • cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
      FAMILY: Malvaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
      Sanskrit: Japapuspa
      Hindi: Jasund
      Tamil: Semparuthi
      Malayalam: Ayamparutti
      Kanada: Dasavala


      DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
      02-16-2016, 08:13 AM
    • cultivation of False daisy herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Eclipta alba L.
      FAMILY: Asteraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Trailing eclipta, False daisy
      Sanskrit: Bhringraj
      Hindi: Bhrangraj
      Tamil: Karisaalai
      Malayalam: Kannuni
      Kanada: Garuga


      DESCRIPTION: A perennial herb usually found spreading easily in moist grounds. The branches are hairy, reddish brown and can grow up to 40 cm high. The roots are found growing at the thickened nodal points....
      02-16-2016, 08:03 AM

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