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cultivation of pomegranate and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
FAMILY: Punicacae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Pomegranate
Sanskrit: Dadima
Hindi: Anar
Tamil: Maadhulai
Malayalam: Matalam
Kanada: Daalimbe


DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
 

cultivation of curry leaf and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
FAMILY: Rutaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Curry leaf
Sanskrit: Surabhi
Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
Tamil: Karuvempu
Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
 

cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses

BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
FAMILY: Malvaceae
LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
Sanskrit: Japapuspa
Hindi: Jasund
Tamil: Semparuthi
Malayalam: Ayamparutti
Kanada: Dasavala


DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
 

Greenhouse Farming: Lettuce

Hydroponics ( Name originates from the Greek words hydro, water and ponos, work) is a strategy for developing plants soil .
Physical plants may be developed with their in the mineral supplement arrangement just or in a latent medium, for example, rock, mineral fleece, or coconut husk.

The Four basic lettuces are

1) Leaf Lettuce

The leaf lettuce comes in numerous hues, from emerald green to dim maroon. Surfaces range from adjusted edges to ornaments...
 

Cultivation Techniques for Melia dubia (malabar neem)

Site elements

The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.

Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures

Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.

Nursery: Seed...

cultivation of malabar nut herb and its uses

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  • cultivation of malabar nut herb and its uses

    BOTANICAL NAME: Adathoda vasica N.
    FAMILY: Acanthaceae
    LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
    English: Malabur nut
    Sanskrit: Aatrush
    Hindi: Adhotoda, Vasaka, Vasa
    Tamil: Andhadobe
    Malayalam: Adalodakam
    Kanada: Adusoge
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    DESCRIPTION: Adathoda vasica N. is an evergreen shrub with unpleasant, foetid smell. The older stem is greyish green, warty and woody. The leaves are large, bright green, leathery with pointed tip. The flowers are 2-lipped (looking like a snake with an open mouth); the colouring is creamy-white with purple streaks on the lower lip. The fruit is in a capsule. It grows up to 3 metres in ideal conditions. DISTRIBUTION: The herb is found growing in dry areas and is planted as hedge all over the country in the plains and lower Himalayan tracks up to a height of 1300m. PROPAGATION:
    Using vegetative methods using semi-hard wood and soft wood cuttings, 8 to 10 cm long with 3 to 4 internodes, which are planted in raised beds during April, May
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    and June. Cuttings take up to 20 days to sprout and a further 30 days to root. The rooted cuttings can be planted out after 10 days. The success of field establishment is about 80 percent. CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS: Whole herb - Vasicine (0.54-1.1%), Vasicinone, Vasicinine, Vasicoline Vasicolinone, Adhatodine, Adhavasinone. Leaf - Adhatonine, Adhavasinone, Anisoliline, Vascinone, Vasicinol, Vasicine, vitamin C; carotene. Alkaloid content 0.2 - 2 %, Flower - Triterpenes, Vasicinine, Scopalamine; Root - Daucosterol, Vasicinolone Alkaloid content 0.14 %. Seeds - Alkaloid content 0.025 % ACTIONS: Abortifacient, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anthelmintic, respiratory, anti-hepatotoxic, anti-implantation, anti-microbacterial, anti-convulsant, hypoglycaemic, cardiovascular, hypotensive, smooth muscle relaxant, spasmolytic, anti-asthmatic, anti-diarrhoeal, expectorant, uterotonic TRADITIONAL

    USES: The whole herb can be used. The plant commonly used in Tamil Nadu as fencing and hedges, because of its capacity to ward off intruders, it often demarcates the boundary of the garden. In the past the wood has been used as charcoal in the production of gunpowder . It is most frequently used to treat the respiratory system.

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    TRADITIONAL RECIPES: Adathoda Vasica N. has an ancient Hindu tradition of medicinal usage. This includes smoking the dried leaves to aid asthma relief, as well as part of the general diet for malaria, leprosy and tuberculosis . COUGH Add 3 Adathoda Vasica N. leaves, 5 Solanum Xanthocarpum (Indian solanum) leaves, 5 Ocimum sanctum (holy basil) leaves, 10 Solanum trilobatum (Thoothuvala) leaves and 3g Glycyrrhiza glabra (liquorice) to 2 glasses of water, boil and reduce down to . glass. Take . a glass twice times daily with honey . 30ml of the leaf juice with 6g powdered Piper nigrum (black pepper), 1g Ferula assafoetida (asafoetida or hing) mixed together and taken in the morning and evening. If the cough is dry, 3 tender leaves boiled in a cup of water until reduced by half can be drunk three times daily for 7 days, but it should always be freshly prepared. ASTHMA Leaves are ground with the flowers of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. and taken orally to treat asthma .
    Dried leaves are made into cigarettes and smoked in asthma . WORMS A decoction of the leaves and roots is used to treat intestinal worms. WOUNDS Leaves can be used as a poultice for wounds, rheumatic joints and inflammation. Mix the juice of the leaves with an equal amount of honey . Alternatively a strong decoction can also be used directly on fresh sores and wounds. FEET Particularly for a burning sensation in the feet, apply the juice of the leaves morning and night until it ceases. FEVER Infuse a handful of leaves in one cup of water. Strain after 15 minutes. Drink . cup twice a day for 3 days.

    MALARIA Powdered leaves are used in the treatment of malaria. JOINTS The leaves can be used as poultice on rheumatic joints and swellings and in neuralgia. MENSTRUATION For excessive menstruation take 6 teaspoons of fresh leaf juice with honey 3 times daily for 7 days [8]. SNAKE BITE All parts of the herb can be made into a poultice in the treatment of snake bites and applied directly. This should be administered in conjunction with a decoction (1 part herb to 16 parts water) .

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    • cultivation of pomegranate and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Punica granatum L
      FAMILY: Punicacae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Pomegranate
      Sanskrit: Dadima
      Hindi: Anar
      Tamil: Maadhulai
      Malayalam: Matalam
      Kanada: Daalimbe


      DESCRIPTION: Punica granatum L. is a small deciduous tree with smooth, dark grey bark. The thorns are straight, long, pointed and woody. The leaves are narrow and glossy. The flowers are usually scarlet red (occasionally yellow)...
      02-17-2016, 01:04 PM
    • cultivation of holy basil and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Ocimum sanctum L.
      FAMILY: Labiatae / Lamiaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Holy Basil, Sacred Basil
      Sanskrit: Tulasi, Vishnu-priya, Divya
      Hindi: Tulsi
      Tamil: Thulasi
      Malayalam: Tulasi
      Kanada: Tulasi



      DESCRIPTION: Ocimum sanctum L. is an evergreen and strongly aromatic plant. It is erect with soft hairy foliage that is generally green to purplish in colour. It has small pinkish-purple...
      02-17-2016, 12:43 PM
    • cultivation of curry leaf and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Murraya koengii L.
      FAMILY: Rutaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Curry leaf
      Sanskrit: Surabhi
      Hindi: Katnim, Karipatta
      Tamil: Karuvempu
      Malayalam: Karivepu Kanada: Karibevu


      DESCRIPTION: This is an evergreen shrub, up to 6m with spreading dark green foliage. The leaves of the plant are covered with minute glands and are also strongly aromatic. The plant bears clusters of small white fragrant flowers. Fruits...
      02-17-2016, 12:34 PM
    • cultivation of henna herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Lawsonia inermis L.
      FAMILY: Lythraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Henna
      Sanskrit: Madayantika
      Hindi: Mehendi
      Tamil: Maruthani
      Malayalam: Mayilanji
      Kanada: Goranti


      DESCRIPTION: Lawsonia inermis L. is a large shrub, usually 1-2m high, occasionally 4m with many dense angular branches. The tips frequently have sharp spikes. The flowers are small and cream in colour. The smell is fragrant....
      02-17-2016, 12:24 PM
    • cultivation of hibiscus herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.
      FAMILY: Malvaceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Hibiscus, shoe-flower, Chinese rose
      Sanskrit: Japapuspa
      Hindi: Jasund
      Tamil: Semparuthi
      Malayalam: Ayamparutti
      Kanada: Dasavala


      DESCRIPTION: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 30m in ideal conditions. More generally, it is about 2.5m. The leaves are bright green, ovate and coarsely...
      02-16-2016, 08:13 AM
    • cultivation of False daisy herb and its uses
      moulis
      BOTANICAL NAME: Eclipta alba L.
      FAMILY: Asteraceae
      LOCAL (VERNACULAR) NAMES:
      English: Trailing eclipta, False daisy
      Sanskrit: Bhringraj
      Hindi: Bhrangraj
      Tamil: Karisaalai
      Malayalam: Kannuni
      Kanada: Garuga


      DESCRIPTION: A perennial herb usually found spreading easily in moist grounds. The branches are hairy, reddish brown and can grow up to 40 cm high. The roots are found growing at the thickened nodal points....
      02-16-2016, 08:03 AM

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