The trees develop well in sandy topsoil, red and lateritic soils with a yearly precipitation of 800 mm or more.
Seed accumulation, preparing and Nursery procedures
Seed preparing and pretreatments: Reports state extremely poor germination in Melia. Learns at IFGTB uncover germination as high as 60 for every penny with no pretreatments. The drupes ought to be evaluated in water to uproot gliding seeds preceding sowing.
Nursery: Seed sowing: It is best to sow seeds amid March – April. Cleaned and dried seeds ought to be sown in the open raised nursery beds, in penetrated lines, 5 cm separated. Seeds don't sprout in sand. They must be sown in soil: ranch yard compost medium in the proportion 2:1. A 1:1 proportion can likewise be received. Around 6-7 kg of dried drupes containing around 1500 numbers are required for one standard nursery bed. The seeds sown should be watered frequently, twice every day. At spots where daytime temperature is not high, or where nursery beds are in shade, the bed ought to be secured with a covering sheet to hold temperature in the medium. Germination happens inside of 90 days.
Vegetative proliferation: Juvenile stem cuttings and coppice shoots react well to 1000 – 2000 ppm IBA (fluid detailing). Coppice from more established trees reacts better to establishing. Pencil thick cuttings should taken for spread. Slim shoots are effortlessly powerless to root decay. The shoots can be put on sand medium and watered twice per day. A procurement for waste is an unquestionable requirement as water logging pulverizes the shoots. Season additionally assumes a noteworthy part in the establishing of cuttings. Drier seasons are favorable for establishing. Around 75 for each penny establishing can be gotten.
Note: The species is exceptionally delicate to transplantation and subsequently mind must taken while prickling seedlings from bed or transplanting attached shoots to sacks.
A separating of 5 x 5 m is ideal while a dispersing of 8 x 8 m is perfect. Development is upgraded with the use of manures. Normal watering system is required for quick development of the trees. Introductory development is rushed with every day watering and use of fertilsers once in three months for the initial three years. Under rainfed conditions, the development is moderate (just about 100 % less). The tree limbs at 8-10 m from ground. Pruning like clockwork controls expanding. The bole is straight, round, with no bunches and with no brace.
Melia is a decent agroforestry animal groups and bolsters an assortment of harvests all through its development period. Ground nut, bean stew, turmeric, blackgram, papaya, banana, melon, sugarcane, as entomb products are as a rule effectively developed. The species performs exceedingly well when planted on bunds, achieving the harvestable size inside of four years.
The tree achieves a volume of 15 cu. ft. toward the end of 15 years and gains income of Rs. 350 for each cubic foot from the fifth year onwards. Development rate ranges from 20-25 cm for each year when seriously oversaw and 6 to 8 cm for every year in unmanaged estates. It is required to create 12 to 15
Cuft. ( 0.4 - 0.5 cu.m) of timber in 5 years time. In a matter of seconds Melia brings Rs. 7300/ - per ton for billets of circumference 50-120 cm size or more Rs.370 per CFT (0.02 cu.m.) for trees which have achieved a size > 120 cm.
It is a decent auxiliary timber and the most favored species for plywood industry. The wood is additionally utilized for pressing cases, roof boards, building purposes, horticultural executes, pencils, match boxes, supports, cattamarans, musical instruments and tea boxes as the wood is against termite independent from anyone else. In this way, the species has a prepared and guaranteed market because of its multipurpose utilities. The species is likewise very versatile. The species is sought after by the plywood commercial enterprises.